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Headword: *)/epexe
Adler number: epsilon,2110
Translated headword: hold back
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] persist, maintain, guard.[1]
"Plato, in the case of the things he understands, makes a declaration and refutes the false utterly, but concerning unclear matters he holds back."[2] "Arkesilaos the philosopher, because of holding back while promenading,[3] wrote no book at all."[4]
Also [sc. attested is transitive] e)pe/xw ["I hold back/restain"]; [used] with an accusative. But [sc. middle-voice] e)pe/xomai ["I prevail over"] [is used] with a genitive. "And the hand prevails over the wicked painter."[5]
Greek Original:
*)/epexe: e)pi/keiso, e)pi/mene, fu/lasse. *pla/twn peri\ me\n w(=n katei/lhfen a)pofai/netai, ta\ de\ yeudh= diele/gxei, peri\ de\ tw=n a)dh/lwn e)pe/xei. o(/ti *)arkesi/laos o( filo/sofos dia\ to\ peripatw=n e)pe/xein ou)de\ bibli/on ti sune/grayen. kai\ *)epe/xw: ai)tiatikh=|. *)epe/xomai de\ genikh=|. kai\ h( xei\r e)pe/xetai tou= ponhrou= grafe/ws.
cf. e)poxh/ at epsilon 2824.
[1] Same glossing in other lexica (and cf. epsilon 2152). The headword, second-person singular imperative of e)pe/xw, must be quoted from somewhere; Theodoridis on Photius s.v. suggests the New Testament (1 Timothy 4.16) but there are numerous other possibilities.
[2] Diogenes Laertius 3.52.
[3] See next note.
[4] A careless version of Diogenes Laertius 4.32: 'while promenading' (peripatw=n) should be 'about everything' (peri\ pa/ntwn). For Arkesilaos see generally alpha 3950.
[5] Quotation not identified by Adler, but TLG searching shows it to come from Gregory of Nazianzus' Funeral Oration for Basil of Caesarea 54.2.
Keywords: art history; biography; Christianity; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; philosophy; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Emily Rossow on 23 September 2006@07:16:54.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (modified translation, added notes and keywords) on 23 September 2006@07:18:13.
Catharine Roth (added cross-references, other tweaks) on 24 September 2006@00:47:01.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; augmented notes and keywords) on 24 September 2006@05:08:12.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 7 October 2012@08:08:37.
David Whitehead on 29 August 2013@04:10:24.
David Whitehead (coding) on 24 January 2016@07:16:48.


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