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Headword: *)ecou/lhs
Adler number: epsilon,1815
Translated headword: ejectment, exoule
Vetting Status: high
[An Athenian lawsuit brought] against those who have driven the plaintiffs out of the property of the convicted man and against those owing [something] to the defendants. When someone was condemned and did not pay the fine, something else was charged for the people by the people, very much according to calculation. For if double was exacted for the individual, the defendant would plead for and get intercession and [thus] pay single. But as it is, the public treasury is implacable. Demosthenes also shows this: "I brought a lawsuit for slander against this man [Meidias] and I won it by default; for he did not appear. Faced with someone who had missed the due date [...] I was able to proceed."[1] The ancients used to call prevention exellein.[2] Accordingly exillein, etymologically speaking, is to escape and to entangle, [by someone] not proffering the punishment, and in this way to obstruct.
Greek Original:
*)ecou/lhs: kata\ tw=n e)lasa/ntwn tou\s e(lo/ntas e)k tw=n tou= o)flo/ntos kai\ kata\ tw=n o)flou/ntwn toi=s a(lou=sin. e)peida/n tis katadikasqei\s mh\ e)kti/nh| th\n katadi/khn, ei)sepra/tteto u(po\ tou= dh/mou kai\ a)/llo tw=| dh/mw| tosou=ton lelogisme/nws pa/nu. ei) ga\r tw=| i)diw/th| dipla/sion e)pra/tteto, paraith/sews a)\n e)tu/gxane deo/menos o( a(lou\s kai\ a(plou=n a)\n e)ce/tine. nuni\ de\ a)parai/thto/n e)sti to\ dhmo/sion. dhloi= de\ kai\ *dhmosqe/nhs: di/khn de\ tou/tw| laxw\n th=s kathgori/as ei(=lon e)rh/mhn: ou) ga\r a)ph/nta. labw\n de\ u(perh/meron ei)selqei=n dedu/nhmai. to\ de\ kwlu/ein e)ce/llein e)/legon oi( palaioi/. e)/stin ou)=n e)ci/llein kata\ to\ e)/tumon to\ e)kfeu/gein kai\ periple/kein, mh\ pare/xonta th\n timwri/an, kai\ tou/tw| tw=| tro/pw| diakwlu/ein.
The first of three consecutive entries -- this one the most oblique -- on a common, multifaceted legal procedure from classical Athens; cf. epsilon 1816, epsilon 1817 (also under omicron 963). For brief general discussion see D.M. MacDowell, The Law in Classical Athens (London 1978) 153-4; S.C. Todd, The Shape of Athenian Law (Oxford 1993) 103, 145. The best known surviving case is the one brought by the young Demosthenes against Onetor (Demosth. 30-31; omicron 359).
[1] Demosthenes 21.81 (here omitting the part which actually mentions the dike exoules -- and distorting the sense generally!).
[2] cf. epsilon 1766, epsiloniota 109.
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; law; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 17 July 2006@04:53:25.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 18 July 2006@01:18:05.
David Whitehead (augmented primary note) on 18 July 2006@03:29:22.
David Whitehead (more x-refs) on 18 July 2006@05:57:27.
David Whitehead on 20 September 2012@05:01:26.


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