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Headword: Exoulês
Adler number: epsilon,1815
Translated headword: ejectment, exoule
Vetting Status: high
[An Athenian lawsuit brought] against those who have driven the plaintiffs out of the property of the convicted man and against those owing [something] to the defendants. When someone was condemned and did not pay the fine, something else was charged for the people by the people, very much according to calculation. For if double was exacted for the individual, the defendant would plead for and get intercession and [thus] pay single. But as it is, the public treasury is implacable. Demosthenes also shows this: "I brought a lawsuit for slander against this man [Meidias] and I won it by default; for he did not appear. Faced with someone who had missed the due date [...] I was able to proceed."[1] The ancients used to call prevention exellein.[2] Accordingly exillein, etymologically speaking, is to escape and to entangle, [by someone] not proffering the punishment, and in this way to obstruct.
Greek Original:
Exoulês: kata tôn elasantôn tous helontas ek tôn tou ophlontos kai kata tôn ophlountôn tois halousin. epeidan tis katadikastheis mê ektinêi tên katadikên, eisepratteto hupo tou dêmou kai allo tôi dêmôi tosouton lelogismenôs panu. ei gar tôi idiôtêi diplasion epratteto, paraitêseôs an etunchane deomenos ho halous kai haploun an exetine. nuni de aparaitêton esti to dêmosion. dêloi de kai Dêmosthenês: dikên de toutôi lachôn tês katêgorias heilon erêmên: ou gar apênta. labôn de huperêmeron eiselthein dedunêmai. to de kôluein exellein elegon hoi palaioi. estin oun exillein kata to etumon to ekpheugein kai periplekein, mê parechonta tên timôrian, kai toutôi tôi tropôi diakôluein.
The first of three consecutive entries -- this one the most oblique -- on a common, multifaceted legal procedure from classical Athens; cf. epsilon 1816, epsilon 1817 (also under omicron 963). For brief general discussion see D.M. MacDowell, The Law in Classical Athens (London 1978) 153-4; S.C. Todd, The Shape of Athenian Law (Oxford 1993) 103, 145. The best known surviving case is the one brought by the young Demosthenes against Onetor (Demosth. 30-31; omicron 359).
[1] Demosthenes 21.81 (here omitting the part which actually mentions the dike exoules -- and distorting the sense generally!).
[2] cf. epsilon 1766, epsiloniota 109.
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; law; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 17 July 2006@04:53:25.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 18 July 2006@01:18:05.
David Whitehead (augmented primary note) on 18 July 2006@03:29:22.
David Whitehead (more x-refs) on 18 July 2006@05:57:27.
David Whitehead on 20 September 2012@05:01:26.


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