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Headword: *di/dumon cu/lon
Adler number: delta,870
Translated headword: two-pronged timber, gallows
Vetting Status: high
That [which is] called furca[1] among Romans.
"After finding that Illustus was a murderer, he hanged him on a gallows".[2]
"[He] hanging these last from gallows while still alive [...]."[3]
Greek Original:
*di/dumon cu/lon: h( para\ *(rwmai/ois fou=rka. eu(rw\n de\ *)illou=ston fqore/a e)kre/masen e)pi\ didu/mou cu/lou. ou(\s de\ zw=ntas e)k didu/mwn cu/lwn a)partw=n.
The headword is a biblical lemma, stemming from Joshua 8.29 LXX (Joshua hangs the king of Ai "on a two-pronged timber").
[1] Furca (see phi 628) denotes in Latin two different instruments of punishment: the fork-shaped wood to be placed on the neck of the punished, generally a slave (cf. furcifer) (as by Plautus, Persa 5,2,71, Casina 2,6,37; Cicero, On divination 1.26.55; Livy 2.36.1; etc.); and the gallows, corresponding to Greek di/dumon cu/lon. This meaning is common in juridical sources: see Digest 48.19.28, passim. Most common expressions are furca figere, furcae subicere, in furcam tollere, suspendere or damnare.
[2] Like the following one, this quotation (again at iota 325) stems from an unknown historical source, probably via the Excerpta Constantiniana.
[3] Although the quotation is very short, the participle a)partw=n suggests that it could be the beginning of a sentence; if so, the relative pronoun ou(/s may be used in its well-known function of connection with the information provided in the preceding passage.
Keywords: biography; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; history; law; religion
Translated by: Antonella Ippolito on 14 April 2005@13:31:22.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, keyword, status) on 14 April 2005@14:01:33.
Antonella Ippolito (cosmetics) on 14 April 2005@21:34:40.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 15 April 2005@02:48:23.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks) on 9 March 2011@08:00:38.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 4 July 2012@04:02:32.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 4 July 2012@20:41:27.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 14 November 2014@09:36:25.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 15 February 2015@12:18:10.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 1 November 2015@10:03:47.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 16 January 2019@02:27:17.


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