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Headword: *diafruktou=n
Adler number: delta,837
Translated headword: to use a roasted [bean]
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] to vote, to cast lots. For they used to call the bean 'roasted'. Instead of pebbles the Athenians' jurors used to carry beans.
Greek Original:
*diafruktou=n: diayhfi/zein, diaklhrou=n. to\n ga\r ku/amon e)ka/loun frukto/n. a)nti\ de\ yh/fwn kua/mous e)fo/roun oi( tw=n *)aqhnai/wn dikastai/.
Again at phi 756. The gloss embodies a misconception, however. Athenian jurors did vote with "pebbles"; originally literally so; by the C4 BCE, with metal ballots still referred to as pebbles (yh/foi). The place of beans, however, was in the pre-C4 procedure of appointing officials by lot. See e.g. Thucydides 8.69.4 (web address 1); Xenophon, Memorabilia 1.2.9 (web address 2); and generally Staveley (below) 61-2.
cf. kappa 2575, kappa 2577, kappa 2578.
E.S. Staveley, Greek and Roman Voting and Elections (London 1972)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: constitution; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; law; politics
Translated by: David Whitehead on 23 November 2001@03:01:54.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keyword; cosmetics) on 5 September 2002@08:52:17.
William Hutton (modified headword and translation, added links, cosmetics, set status) on 11 September 2003@12:37:29.
David Whitehead (typo; cosmetics) on 15 September 2003@03:03:53.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 1 December 2005@07:27:07.
David Whitehead (more x-refs; tweaking) on 3 July 2012@06:53:56.


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