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Headword: *dia/lhyis
Adler number: delta,635
Translated headword: judgment, grasping
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] realization, or recognition.[1]
Polybios [writes]: "for because of his excessive desire in this direction, there was this judgment concerning him: that he considered nothing more beneficial in life than hunting."[2]
"For the majority of people are good at judgments" -- the impulses of the mind -- "not by what comes from reason but by what happens. For only recently having chosen Pa[u]sistratos for this reason, because he had a capacity for action and daring, they immediately started changing their minds to the opposite as a result of the reversal."[3]
And elsewhere: "generally the masses have judgments about community matters in a manner similar to these, since nature teaches them."[4]
And Polybios: "the Romans, using their daggers not with a downward stroke but by grasping [and thrusting] -- since they had an effective point to them -- stabbed them in their chests and in their faces and killed them all."[5]
Greek Original:
*dia/lhyis: e)nqu/mhsis, h)\ gnw=sis. *polu/bios: dia\ ga\r th\n u(perba/llousan e)pi\ tou=to to\ me/ros e)piqumi/an h)=n u(pe\r au)tou= dia/lhyis, w(s ou)de\n prou)rgiai/teron poioume/nou kata\ to\n bi/on tou= kunhgetei=n. oi( ga\r polloi\ tw=n a)nqrw/pwn ou)k e)k tw=n kata\ lo/gon, a)ll' e)k tw=n sumbaino/ntwn a)gaqoi\ poiei=sqai ta\s dialh/yeis. ta\s tou= noo\s o(rma/s. a)/rti ga\r di' au)to\ tou=to prokexeirisme/noi to\n *pasi/straton dia\ to\ pra=cin e)/xein tina kai\ to/lman, paraxrh=ma mete/pipton e)s ta)nanti/a tai=s gnw/mais dia\ th\n peripe/teian. kai\ au)=qis: paraplhsi/ws kai\ ta\ plh/qh o(moi/ws tou/tois e)/xei ta\s dialh/yeis u(pe\r tw=n koinw=n, th=s fu/sews au)tou\s didaskou/shs. kai\ *polu/bios: oi( de\ *(rwmai=oi ou)k e)k katafora=s, a)ll' e)k dialh/yews xrw/menoi tai=s maxai/rais, praktikou= tou= kenth/matos peri\ au)ta\s u(pa/rxontos, tu/ptontes e)s ta\ ste/rna kai\ ei)s ta\ pro/swpa die/fqeiran pa/ntas.
[1] Same headword and glosses in Photius and other lexica. Hesychius delta1125, earlier, has the same in the accusative case; Latte s.v. regards it as quoted from the Septuagint (2 Maccabees 3.32), though there are many other options.
[2] Polybios 8.25.6 (on the Tarentine conspirator Philemenos); again at pi 2911.
[3] Polybios 21.7.6-7 (with a small explanatory gloss); cf. pi 140.
[4] Quotation unidentifiable.
[5] Polybios 2.33.6, using the word in a more concrete sense ("grasping").
Keywords: biography; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; philosophy; politics; religion; science and technology; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 8 October 2003@17:20:19.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented and modified notes; augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 9 October 2003@03:50:51.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 16 February 2011@01:38:35.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; tweaks) on 16 February 2011@03:13:33.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 29 June 2012@06:54:13.
David Whitehead (augmented n.1; more keywords; cosmetics) on 25 October 2015@05:16:57.


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