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Headword: *diakwdwni/sw
Adler number: delta,600
Translated headword: I will prove by ringing
Vetting Status: high
Like I will test; Aristophanes [sc. uses this verb].[1] Because some of the birds are tested by the sound of a bell. And they used to test horses in this way with bells, [to see] whether they would be frightened by noises. Or from quails: for the ones that could endure the sound of a bell were suited for battle. But some [say that the expression derives] from cracked vessels, since they test them in this way by knocking on them. And some [say that it derives] from guards. But the [explanation] having to do with horses and vessels is better. They clearly indicated that the other [explanations] were hastily improvised. The rousing of guards by bells [was done] so that they might answer in return.[2]
And Iamblichus [writes]: "since after testing each of the shepherds he was unable to hear and to understand who the children were."[3]
Greek Original:
*diakwdwni/sw: oi(=on dokima/sw: *)aristofa/nhs. dio/ti tina\ tw=n o)rne/wn dokima/zetai tw=| tou= kw/dwnos yo/fw|. kai\ tou\s i(/ppous ou(/tws e)doki/mazon kw/dwsin, ei) yofodeei=s ei)=en. h)\ a)po\ tw=n o)rtu/gwn: oi( ga\r u(pome/nontes to\n h)=xon tou= kw/dwnos e)pithdei/ws e)/xousi pro\s ma/xhn. tine\s de\ a)po\ tw=n a)ggei/wn tw=n saqrw=n, e)pei\ ou(/tws dokima/zousi diakrou/ontes. tine\s de\ a)po\ tw=n fula/kwn. be/ltion de\ to\ e)pi\ tw=n i(/ppwn kai\ tw=n a)ggei/wn. ta\ d' a)/lla e)sxedi/astai. to\ de\ tou\s fu/lakas e)grhgore/nai kw/dwsi diesh/mainon, o(/pws a)ntifqe/ggwntai. kai\ *)ia/mblixos: e)peidh\ diakwdwni/zwn e(/kaston tw=n poime/nwn ou)x oi(=o/s te h)=n a)kou=sai kai\ maqei=n, oi(/tines h)=san oi( pai=des.
For the headword verb see also delta 598 and delta 599
[1] Incorrect: Aristophanes uses the uncompound kwdwni/sw in Frogs 79 (see next note), cf. 723.
[2] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Frogs 79.
[3] Iamblichus, Babyloniaca fr. 91 Habrich.
Keywords: children; comedy; definition; imagery; military affairs; meter and music; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: Craig Gibson on 4 July 2003@22:40:58.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified and augmented notes; augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 6 July 2003@07:42:15.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 16 November 2005@08:11:44.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 28 June 2012@08:13:57.
David Whitehead (coding) on 23 October 2015@03:22:25.


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