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Headword: *diakeknaisme/nh
Adler number: delta,572
Translated headword: worn-away
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] destroyed/ruined.[1]
Also [sc. attested is the masculine] diakeknaisme/nos, [meaning] withered. "If I were to become pale, like the followers of Socrates, and unshod and clothed in rags [...]".[2] For the horsemen have a healthy complexion, are shod and well exercised in the gymnasia and and wrestling-grounds. Also in Knights [Horsemen]: "don't hate us because we have long hair and that well-scraped look." That is, sleek.[3] Thus in the present case too the young man is saying that he fears being scorned by those who concern themselves with horsemanship "if I, neglecting the beautification of my body and abandoning the habits of the horsemen, go over to the philosophers."[4] And in Clouds: "for I could not bear for the horsemen to see me with my complexion worn-away."[5]
Greek Original:
*diakeknaisme/nh: diefqarme/nh. kai\ *diakeknaisme/nos, h)maurwme/nos. ei) genoi/mhn w)xro/s, w(s oi( peri\ to\n *swkra/thn, kai\ a)nupo/detos kai\ r(upw=n. oi( ga\r i(ppei=s eu)=xroi kai\ u(podedeme/noi kai\ e)n gumnasi/ois e)cetazo/menoi kai\ palai/strais. kai\ e)n *(ippeu=si: mh\ fqonei=te h(mi=n komw=si mhd' a)pestleggisme/nois. toute/sti lipw=si. tou=to ou)=n kai\ nu=n o( neani/skos dedoike/nai fhsi/, to\ a)pexqe/sqai toi=s peri\ th\n i(ppikh\n e)/xousin, ei) katalipw\n to\ kosmei=n to\ sw=ma kai\ metie/nai ta\ tw=n i(ppe/wn e)pithdeu/mata, tw=n filoso/fwn mete/lqw. kai\ e)n *nefe/lais: ou) ga\r a)\n tlai/hn i)dei=n tou\s i(ppe/as to\ xrw=ma diakeknaisme/nos.
[1] Same equivalence in other lexica. The headword is perfect middle/passive participle, feminine nominative singular, of the verb diaknai/w. The glossing is also paralleled in the scholia to Aristophanes, Clouds 120, where the corresponding masculine participle occurs (see below); this feminine one, nevertheless, must be quoted from somewhere else.
[2] An approximation of Aristophanes, Clouds 102-104 (web address 1).
[3] Aristophanes, Knights 580 (web address 2); cf. kappa 1980.
[4] Again (cf. n.2), not a verbatim quotation, but a paraphrase in the voice of the character Pheidippides.
[5] Aristophanes, Clouds 119-120 (web address 3).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: architecture; athletics; clothing; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; imagery; military affairs; philosophy; poetry; science and technology; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 1 October 2003@17:08:57.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added x-ref; cosmetics) on 2 October 2003@05:20:52.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 28 June 2012@05:51:44.


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