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Headword: *diaqh/kh
Adler number: delta,563
Translated headword: covenant, testament, will
Vetting Status: high
It is used in two meanings. One applies to the disposition made by those who are dying and has the force of a command. The other [kind of] covenant [is] the promise made by God to Abraham and the other forefathers, to raise up out of their seed our Lord and God Jesus Christ.[1]
And in Aristophanes diaqh/kh [means] an agreement. "The agreement that they made with me."[2] Also [sc. attested is the related verb] diati/qemai, meaning "I make an agreement."[3]
Greek Original:
*diaqh/kh: duikw=s e)kfwnei=tai. h( me\n e)pi\ qnh|sko/ntwn diata/cews kai\ e)ntalma/twn xarakth=ra fe/rousa. qate/ra de\ diaqh/kh kai\ h( qeou= pro\s *)abraa\m kai\ tou\s loipou\s propa/toras genome/nh e)paggeli/a, e)k tou= spe/rmatos au)tw=n a)nasth/sein to\n ku/rion h(mw=n kai\ qeo\n *)ihsou=n *xristo/n. kai\ para\ *)aristofa/nei diaqh/kh, h( sunqh/kh. h)\n mh\ dia/qwntai diaqh/khn e)moi/. kai\ *diati/qemai, a)nti\ tou= sunti/qemai.
See also delta 557, delta 564, delta 565.
[1] Same material, apparently, in Photius and other lexica, but it stops short at 'The other'. There is no verbatim precedent or parallel for its phraseology, though Theodoret, Commentary on the Psalms PG 23.1233 comes close. For the "core" covenant itself see Genesis 17 LXX; cf. Exodus 2.24, and later allusions in e.g. Acts of the Apostles 3.25.
[2] Aristophanes, Birds 439, and scholion.
[3] From a scholion on Aristophanes, Birds 444.
Keywords: Christianity; comedy; daily life; definition; ethics; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 30 May 2003@19:14:49.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added x-refs; cosmetics) on 1 June 2003@04:51:17.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 7 October 2005@07:36:34.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaking) on 28 June 2012@04:51:59.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 1 July 2012@15:13:41.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1) on 2 July 2012@03:44:42.
David Whitehead (coding) on 20 October 2015@10:16:36.


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