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Headword: *decio/s
Adler number: delta,232
Translated headword: [on the] right [side], dexterous, courteous
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] well-disposed, good, friendly.[1]
Also [sc. attested is the comparative] deciw/teros, meaning good. "And [he] bade anyone of them who [was] right and merciful to take courage."[2]
And decioi/ is what they used to call those who had been well-educated. "[He] seeking to be clever." Aristophanes in Clouds [says this].[3]
"He became a friend to this man and gave him his right hand, and was planning to entertain [him]."[4]
And Josephus [writes]: "he sought to come down upon the right hand [of friendship]." That is, upon a treaty.[5]
The ancients also used to call decioi/ those who had military experience and were worthy of praise; but those soldiers who ran away they called litigious and sycophants.[6]
Greek Original:
*decio/s: eu)/nous, a)gaqo/s, e)pith/deios. kai\ *deciw/teros, a)nti\ tou= a)gaqo/s. kai\ tou/twn o(/stis deciw/teros kai\ filoikti/rmwn qarrei=n e)peke/leuen. *deciou\s de\ tou\s pepaideume/nous e)/legon. zhtw=n decio\s ei)=nai. *)aristofa/nhs *nefe/lais. o( de\ fi/los ge/gone tou/tw| kai\ decia/n te e)ne/balen au)tw=|, kai\ e(stia=n e)/mellen. kai\ *)iw/shpos: o( de\ e)zh/tei e)pi\ decia=| katabh=nai. toute/stin e)pi\ sunqh/kh|. *deciou\s e)/legon oi( palaioi\ kai\ tou\s e)strateume/nous kai\ e)pai/nou a)ci/ous: tou\s de\ diadidra/skontas stratiw/tas filodi/kous kai\ sukofa/ntas.
cf. delta 231, delta 233, delta 234; also lambda 174, lambda 193.
[1] Same glossing, variously, in other lexica, and cf. scholia on Aristophanes, Knights 228, on Homer, Iliad 18.821, and on Aristophanes, Frogs 1370.
[2] Quotation unidentifiable.
[3] Aristophanes, Clouds 428, with scholion; cf. sigma 814.
[4] Quotation unidentifiable.
[5] According to de Boor, this may refer to Josephus, Jewish War 5.320.
[6] cf. scholion on Aristophanes, Frogs 1114.
C. de Boor, "Suidas und die Konstantinsche Exzerptsammlung," Byzantinische Zeitschrift 23 (1919) 87 n.1
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; ethics; food; historiography; history; law; military affairs
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 12 March 2005@19:17:32.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 13 March 2005@05:36:30.
Catharine Roth (added bibliography) on 6 February 2011@01:57:10.
Catharine Roth on 6 February 2011@01:59:38.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 8 March 2011@06:53:02.
David Whitehead on 18 June 2012@09:22:50.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 27 January 2014@03:22:21.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 11 October 2015@04:09:08.


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