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Headword: *dw=ra qeou\s pei/qei kai\ ai)doi/ous basilh=as
Adler number: delta,1451
Translated headword: gifts sway gods and revered kings
Vetting Status: high
Some consider the line Hesiodic, and it is also uttered by Plato in the third [book of the] Republic.
Greek Original:
*dw=ra qeou\s pei/qei kai\ ai)doi/ous basilh=as: oi( me\n *(hsio/deion oi)/ontai to\n sti/xon, ei)/rhtai de\ kai\ *pla/twnos e)n tri/th| *politei/a|.
Hesiod fr.361 Merkelbach-West, preferring Plato's version of this hexameter line (Republic 390E: dw=ra qeou\s pei/qei, dw=r' ai)doi/ous basilh=as). The Suda's version with 'and' for the second 'gifts' occurs also in Apostolius 6.42; and see futher Tosi (cited under alpha 378) no.491.
A variation (or perhaps derivative) of the sentiment is also spoken by Medea in Euripides, Medea 964. See also in Latin literature Ovid, Ars Amatoria 3.653-4 (Munera, crede mihi, capiunt hominesque deosque: / Placatur donis Iuppiter ipse datis) and Horace, Odes 3.16.13-16.
See also theta 45 for the related maxim that Death is the one god without an interest in gifts.
Keywords: daily life; ethics; meter and music; philosophy; poetry; proverbs; religion; tragedy
Translated by: David Whitehead on 13 May 2003@04:42:49.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 1 June 2003@01:39:21.
David Whitehead (augmented note) on 28 June 2004@10:18:20.
David Whitehead (recast and expanded note, with information from Patrick Lake; more keywords) on 29 June 2010@03:58:08.
David Whitehead on 17 July 2012@05:51:18.
David Whitehead on 15 August 2012@07:59:01.
David Whitehead on 15 November 2015@05:41:10.
Catharine Roth (tweaked Latin) on 14 September 2016@00:59:01.


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