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Headword: Διόδωρος
Adler number: delta,1151
Translated headword: Diodorus, Diodoros
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Sicilian, historian. He wrote the Library;[1] it is a history, both Roman and diverse, in 40 books. He lived in the times of Augustus Caesar[2] and earlier.[3]
Greek Original:
Διόδωρος, Σικελιώτης, ἱστορικός. ἔγραψε Βιβλιοθήκην: ἔστι δὲ ἱστορία Ῥωμαϊκή τε καὶ ποικίλη ἐν βιβλίοις μ#. γέγονε δὲ ἐπὶ τῶν χρόνων Αὐγούστου Καίσαρος καὶ ἐπάνω.
Notes:
See generally Kenneth Sacks in OCD(4) s.v. 'Diodorus(3)', and more fully in his monograph Diodorus Siculus and the first century (Princeton 1990). See also Oldfather's "General Introduction" at web address 1.
[1] "The Library" is only one version of the title of Diodorus' work; other sources refer to it as "The Library of History", "The Historical Library", "The Libraries." Of the 40 books only 15 survive intact, supplemented by copious fragments of the remaining 25. Diodorus' history is still the largest specimen of Greek historical writing to survive antiquity.
[2] Here the Latin Augustus is transliterated; the Greek would be Sebastos.
[3] For idiom cf. mu 46. (Sacks p.164 mistranslates ἐπάνω as 'afterward'.) The last dateable event mentioned in Diodorus' history seems to be 36 BCE. Since he mentions being in Egypt on business in the 10th Olympiad (60-57 BCE), it is unlikely that he survived Augustus (who died in 14 CE). The fact that the Suda records such a long lifespan has been taken to indicate that a later writer continued Diodorus' work into Augustus' reign.
Reference:
The most accessible edition and translation of Diodorus Siculus is by C.H. Oldfather and others in the Loeb Classical Library (1933-1967), on-line at the Perseus site. A more recent French translation with helpful commentary is by F. Chamoux and others in the Budé edition (1972-).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; chronology; geography; historiography
Translated by: Kenneth Mayer on 14 June 1999@15:34:13.
Vetted by:
Edmund P. Cueva on 14 March 2000@06:55:15.
Ross Scaife ✝ (added url) on 9 July 2000@21:53:54.
David Whitehead (added note and keyword; cosmetics) on 3 February 2003@05:59:29.
Kenneth Mayer (fixed broken link to encyclopedia iranica, added 2 other links) on 14 June 2005@16:42:37.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 15 June 2005@01:24:43.
David Whitehead (modified translation, note 3, references) on 15 June 2005@08:14:29.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 12 July 2012@04:22:39.
Catharine Roth (reduced links) on 24 August 2013@21:41:17.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 3 August 2014@05:14:02.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 31 August 2016@22:11:47.
Catharine Roth (changed link) on 1 September 2016@00:24:00.

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