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Headword: Διογένης
Adler number: delta,1145
Translated headword: Diogenes
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Because Diogenes had a son in love[1] and because he was a harsh father, he did not condone his son’s brashness, but shutting him up and hindering his desire, he sharpened the passion all the more. And the vehemence of the evil was terrible, for the love flared up. Since the father stood in his way, the young man was impelled even more into his present disease. When [Diogenes] saw that the ill was battling back stubbornly, he came to Delphi and in his vexation and distress asked if the boy would ever leave off being sick. And she [the Pythia] spoke as follows:[2] "the boy will cease from love when with lightness of youth he will have consumed his mind with the lovely passion of the Cyprian.[3] Thus calm your pitiless anger and do not increase it by trying to prevent it,[4] for you are acting against your intent. But if you arrive at composure, the magic (of love) will quickly be obliterated and he, being sobered, will cease from his shameful impulse." When he heard this, Diogenes calmed his passion and was filled with good hope, having worthy assurances of his son’s self-control; and thereby he became a better father, for he had become milder and gentler in nature. This, too, the tragic hero Haemon, Sophocles’ [character], demonstrated, when he was in love with Antigone and quarreled with his father Creon [Author, Myth]; for you see he likewise charged with a sword to his love and settled matters with his father in respect of the disease.[5]
Greek Original:
Διογένης: ὅτι Διογένης εἶχεν ἐρῶντα παῖδα καὶ πικρὸς ὢν πατὴρ οὐ συνεγίνωσκε νέου ῥᾳθυμίᾳ, ἀλλὰ ἀνείργων αὐτὸν καὶ ἀναστέλλων τοῦ πόθου μᾶλλόν οἱ τὸ πάθος παρώξυνε. καὶ ἦν τοῦ κακοῦ δεινὴ ἐπίτασις: ἐξερριπίζετο γὰρ ὁ ἔρως, ἐμποδὼν ἱσταμένου τοῦ Διογένους, καὶ ἐς τὴν παροῦσαν νόσον μᾶλλον ἐξήπτετο ὁ νέος. ἧκεν οὖν εἰς Δελφούς, ὡς ἑώρα φιλόνεικον ὂν τὸ κακόν, καὶ δυσανασχετῶν τε ἅμα καὶ περιαλγῶν ἐρωτᾷ, εἴ οἱ πέπαυται νοσῶν ποτε ὁ παῖς. ἡ δέ, ὡς εἶδεν οὐ πάντη φρενήρη γέροντα οὐδὲ ἐρωτικαῖς συγγνώμονα ἀνάγκαις, λέγει ταῦτα: λήξει παῖς σὸς ἔρωτος, ὅταν κούφῃ νεότητι Κύπριδος ἱμερόεντι καταφλεχθῇ φρένας οἴστρῳ. ὀργὴν οὖν πρήϋνον ἀμειδέα μηδ' ἐπιτείνειν κωλύων: πράσσεις γὰρ ἐναντία σοῖσι λογισμοῖς. ἢν δ' ἐφ' ἡσυχίην ἔλθῃς, λήθην τάχος ἕξει φίλτρον καὶ νήψας αἰσχρᾶς καταπαύσεται ὁρμῆς. ἀκούσας τοίνυν ὁ Διογένης ταῦτα τὸν μὲν θυμὸν κατεστόρεσεν, ἐλπίδος δὲ ὑπεπλήσθη χρηστῆς, ἔχων τῆς τοῦ παιδὸς σωφροσύνης ἐγγυητὰς ἀξιόχρεως: καὶ ἐν ταὐτῷ βελτίων ἐγένετο ὁ πατὴρ ἡμερωθείς τε καὶ πραϋνθεὶς τὸν τρόπον. τοῦτό τοι καὶ ὁ τραγικὸς Αἵμων, ὁ τοῦ Σοφοκλέους, ἀπεδείξατο, τῆς Ἀντιγόνης ἐρῶν καὶ πικρῷ ζυγομαχῶν πατρὶ τῷ Κρέοντι: καὶ γάρ τοι καὶ ἐκεῖνος ὁμοίως ἐλαυνόμενος ξίφει πρὸς τὸν ἔρωτα καὶ τὸν πατέρα τὴν νόσον διελύσατο.
Notes:
[1] This can hardly be the famous Diogenes the Cynic (delta 1141, delta 1143, delta 1144), who advocated and practiced free love -- and the only home he could have shut his son into would have been a large pithos-jar. Nor do any of the other known Diogeneses (for a selection see Diog.Laert. 6.81; OCD(4) 457) readily suggest themselves, but the name must have been common: "Zeus-born."
Adler identifies this entry as Aelian fr. 103 Hercher (= fr. 106 in the more recent Domingo-Forasté edition (Teubner 1994) of Aelian).
[2] The priestess’s response appears, according to literary convention, in hexameter verse.
[3] Aphrodite of Cyprus (cf. kappa 2738).
[4] cf. alpha 1567, end.
[5] Sophocles, Antigone 1175-77, elaborated at 1192-1243. The "likewise" (ὁμοίως ) is odd.
Keywords: biography; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; history; medicine; meter and music; mythology; poetry; religion; tragedy; women
Translated by: Oliver Phillips ✝ on 13 October 2001@22:26:35.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 12 July 2002@08:57:30.
Catharine Roth (betacode correction) on 29 September 2005@11:23:50.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 11 July 2012@09:49:31.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 3 August 2014@05:09:38.

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