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Headword: Χρῶμα
Adler number: chi,538
Translated headword: color, musical modulation, chromatic scale
Vetting Status: high
This means what exists in bodies, such as 'white', 'black', and the intermediates to these. It also means what exists in tunes, for in music there is something that is named 'color' or 'chromatic scale' as well. They maintain, in effect, that the three tunes of singing are harmonic, which they peculiarly call 'chromatic scales', the one of the soft or effeminate chromatic scale, and the one of the diatonic scale. They are different: some correspond to the color existing in bodies, such as what is dispersing and compressing the eye; others correspond to what exists in tunes. [The term] 'color' [in the sense of] 'chromatic scale' is homonymous, for [it means] what consists of a semitone, what consists of quarter-tones and what is soft or effeminate.[1]
Diodorus [writes]: 'while being flogged, the barbarian endured with his unmoved sight and his color like a beast.'[2]
Greek Original:
Χρῶμα: τοῦτο σημαίνει τὸ ἐν τοῖς σώμασιν, ὡς τὸ λευκὸν καὶ τὸ μέλαν καὶ τὰ τούτων μεταξύ: σημαίνει καὶ τὸ ἐν τοῖς μέλεσι: λέγεται γάρ τι καὶ κατὰ μουσικὴν χρῶμα: τρία γὰρ μέλη τῆς μελῳδίας ἁρμονικοὶ εἶναί φασιν, ἃς ἰδίως χρόας καλοῦσι, τήν τε τοῦ μαλακοῦ χρώματος καὶ τὴν τοῦ διατονικοῦ χρώματος. καὶ εἰσὶ διαφοραί, ἄλλαι μὲν τοῦ ἐν τοῖς σώμασι χρώματος, ὡς τὸ συγκριτικὸν καὶ διακριτικὸν ὄψεως, ἄλλαι δὲ τοῦ ἐν τοῖς μέλεσι: τὸ γὰρ ἡμιτονιαῖον καὶ διεσιαῖον καὶ τὸ μαλακόν, ὁμώνυμον. Διόδωρος: ὁ δὲ βάρβαρος μαστιζόμενος, ὄμμα ἔχων ἄτρεπτον καὶ χρῶμα καθάπερ θηρίον ἐκαρτέρει.
For this headword see also chi 539.
[1] Alexander of Aphrodisias, Commentaries on Aristotle's Topica 113.7-15 Wallies (on Topics 107b26-31 and 119a30-31; see also Metaphysics 1057b8-10 and, for the underlying theory of color, Plato, Timaeus 67D-E). cf. chi 551, end.
[2] Diodorus Siculus [delta 1151] fr.13 Walton.
Keywords: biography; definition; ethics; historiography; history; imagery; meter and music; philosophy; zoology
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 8 November 2002@18:39:23.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified note; added keyword) on 11 November 2002@06:06:00.
Ross Scaife ✝ (upped status) on 14 November 2003@15:22:12.
David Whitehead (modified and augmented n.1; cosmetics) on 15 November 2003@08:37:47.
David Whitehead (x-ref; more keywords; tweaking) on 13 November 2013@09:41:09.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 1 February 2015@23:00:31.


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