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Headword: Χάλαζα
Adler number: chi,5
Translated headword: hail, hailstorm
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] cloud, frozen and tossed through the air by the wind and carried down to earth. But snow [is] moisture, frozen out of a cloud.[1]
Hailstorms: they are freezings of the moisture overhead in the air, above the earth; in some small part it is snow and in some, hail. But below on the earth it is frost to a lesser extent, but more is ice. But falling snow is not a freezing, but rather the same quality in respect to another kind of appearance.[2]
Aristophanes [writes]: "from the hailstorms, o wretched Euripides, [keep yourself clear]." Meaning from the violent words.[3]
Greek Original:
Χάλαζα: νέφος πεπηγὸς καὶ ὑπὸ πνεύματος διρρυφθὲν καὶ κατενεχθέν. χιὼν δὲ ὑγρόν, ἐκ νέφους πεπηγός. Χάλαζαι: δ# εἰσὶ πήξεις τῆς ἐν τῷ ἀέρι ὑδατώδους ὑγρότητος ὑπὲρ γῆν μὲν ἄνω, ἐπ' ἔλαττον δὲ χιών, ἐπ' ἔλαττον δὲ χάλαζα: ἐπὶ γῆς δὲ κάτω ἐπ' ἔλαττον μὲν πάχνη, ἐπὶ πλέον δὲ κρύσταλλος. ὁ δὲ νιφετὸς οὐκ ἔστι πῆξις, ἀλλὰ μᾶλλον περὶ ἀλλοίαν χρόαν ἡ ποιότης αὐτοῦ. Ἀριστοφάνης: οὐκ ἀπὸ τῶν χαλαζῶν, ὦ πόνηρ' Εὐριπίδη. ἀντὶ τοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν σφοδρῶν λόγων.
[1] Stoic definitions from Diogenes Laertius 7.153.
[2] Similar material, more briefly, in the Lexica Segueriana, s.v. νιφετός . Perhaps from a Life of Pythagoras (so Adler).
[3] Aristophanes, Frogs 852 (Dionysus talking about Aeschylus), with comment from the scholia there.
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; imagery; philosophy; rhetoric; science and technology; tragedy
Translated by: Roger Travis on 22 June 1999@15:29:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 23 November 2001@03:59:38.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; more keywords; cosmetics) on 22 April 2010@07:23:21.
David Whitehead (expanded n.2; another keyword) on 7 November 2013@04:48:06.
David Whitehead (codings) on 31 May 2016@09:14:12.


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