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Headword: *xorei/an
Adler number: chi,398
Translated headword: choral dance
Vetting Status: high
The ancients [sc. called thus] the dance accompanied with singing.[1]
Homer[2] knew two dances, the one of the tumblers[3] and the other with a playing-ball.[4] Aristonicus of Carystus, King Alexander's fellow ball-player, used to practice the ball-version.[5]
Also [sc. attested is the term] xorei=on,[6] [meaning] dancing.[7]
Greek Original:
*xorei/an: oi( palaioi\ th\n meta\ w)|dh=s o)/rxhsin. du/o de\ o)rxh/seis oi)=den *(/omhros, th\n tw=n kubisthth/rwn kai\ th\n dia\ th=s sfai/ras. th\n de\ sfairistikh\n e)/paizen *)aristo/nikos o( *karu/stios, o( *)aleca/ndrou tou= basile/ws susfairisth/s. kai\ *xorei=on, h( xo/reusis.
[1] The headword (a single word in the Greek) is in the accusative case, evidently quoted from somewhere; there are numerous possibilities.
[2] What follows is also in Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 1.14D [1.25 Kaibel]; cf. omicron 670.
[3] Homer, Iliad 18.605, Odyssey 4.18 (web address 1 and web address 2).
[4] Homer, Odyssey 6.100 ff., 8.372 ff. (web address 3 and web address 4)
[5] cf. omicron 670 and sigma 1719; also mentioned in Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 1.19A [1.34 Kaibel] (honorary citizenship of Athens, with statue), and Eustathius, Commentary on Homer's Odyssey 8.376 (there as Alexander the ball-player).
[6] Also glossed in ps.-Zonaras as the location of dancing and in Hesychius as a place where dancing is taught, an altar, or a piece of music.
[7] Also in ps.-Zonaras s.v. xorei/a.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3,
Web address 4
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; meter and music
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 28 December 2007@18:09:39.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 30 December 2007@05:41:17.
Catharine Roth (tweaked notes) on 5 October 2013@00:33:25.
David Whitehead (another note) on 12 November 2013@07:49:26.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 22 October 2014@00:45:39.
David Whitehead (expanded 2 refs) on 14 January 2015@10:27:44.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 15 January 2015@00:26:25.
David Whitehead (coding) on 1 June 2016@04:03:13.


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