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Headword: Choreian
Adler number: chi,398
Translated headword: choral dance
Vetting Status: high
The ancients [sc. called thus] the dance accompanied with singing.[1]
Homer[2] knew two dances, the one of the tumblers[3] and the other with a playing-ball.[4] Aristonicus of Carystus, King Alexander's fellow ball-player, used to practice the ball-version.[5]
Also [sc. attested is the term] xorei=on,[6] [meaning] dancing.[7]
Greek Original:
Choreian: hoi palaioi tên meta ôidês orchêsin. duo de orchêseis oiden Homêros, tên tôn kubistêtêrôn kai tên dia tês sphairas. tên de sphairistikên epaizen Aristonikos ho Karustios, ho Alexandrou tou basileôs susphairistês. kai Choreion, hê choreusis.
[1] The headword (a single word in the Greek) is in the accusative case, evidently quoted from somewhere; there are numerous possibilities.
[2] What follows is also in Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 1.14D [1.25 Kaibel]; cf. omicron 670.
[3] Homer, Iliad 18.605, Odyssey 4.18 (web address 1 and web address 2).
[4] Homer, Odyssey 6.100 ff., 8.372 ff. (web address 3 and web address 4)
[5] cf. omicron 670 and sigma 1719; also mentioned in Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 1.19A [1.34 Kaibel] (honorary citizenship of Athens, with statue), and Eustathius, Commentary on Homer's Odyssey 8.376 (there as Alexander the ball-player).
[6] Also glossed in ps.-Zonaras as the location of dancing and in Hesychius as a place where dancing is taught, an altar, or a piece of music.
[7] Also in ps.-Zonaras s.v. xorei/a.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3,
Web address 4
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; meter and music
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 28 December 2007@18:09:39.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 30 December 2007@05:41:17.
Catharine Roth (tweaked notes) on 5 October 2013@00:33:25.
David Whitehead (another note) on 12 November 2013@07:49:26.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 22 October 2014@00:45:39.
David Whitehead (expanded 2 refs) on 14 January 2015@10:27:44.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 15 January 2015@00:26:25.
David Whitehead (coding) on 1 June 2016@04:03:13.


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