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Headword: Βοῦς ἕβδομος
Adler number: beta,458
Translated headword: seventh ox
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
One having[1] pastry horns in imitation of the first phase moon. They used to call this an ox and set it up as the seventh, because this seventh used to be one of the sacrifices at the six moons, as Euthycles [says] in Atalanta.[2] Likewise also the "moons" [are] broad pastry circles, which they also used to call thus. It is [mentioned] in Euripides in Erechtheus[3] and in Achaeus in Iris.[4] The proverb is applied to those who are excessively unfeeling.
Also [sc. attested is the proverbial phrase] "sea ox" [bous enalios], in reference to people/things that serve no purpose.[5]
Greek Original:
Βοῦς ἕβδομος: πέμματα κέρατα ἔχοντα κατὰ μίμησιν τῆς πρωτοφαοῦς σελήνης. ἐκάλουν δὲ αὐτὸ βοῦν προστιθέντες καὶ τὸ ἕβδομον, ὅτι ἐπὶ ἓξ ταῖς σελήναις ἐπεθύετο οὗτος ἕβδομος, ὡς Εὐθυκλῆς ἐν Ἀταλάντῃ. ὁμοίως δὲ καὶ αἱ σελῆναι πέμματα πλατέα κυκλοτερῆ, ἃ καὶ οὕτως ἐκάλουν. ἔστι δὲ παρὰ Εὐριπίδῃ ἐν Ἐρεχθεῖ καὶ παρ' Ἀχαιῷ ἐν Ἴριδι. τάττεται δὲ ἡ παροιμία ἐπὶ τῶν ἄγαν ἀναισθήτων. καὶ Βοῦς ἐνάλιος, ἐπὶ τῶν μηδὲν χρησιμευόντων.
Notes:
cf. beta 457; also alpha 2082, epsilon 25, sigma 204.
[1] After the headword phrase in the nominative, the gloss switches to accusative.
[2] Euthycles fr. 2 Kock (and K.-A.). (For Euthycles see generally epsilon 3507.)
[3] Euripides fr. 350.
[4] Achaeus fr. 23. (For Achaeus see generally alpha 4683.)
[5] The adjective in this phrase should be enaulios ("courtyard"); cf. beta 459.
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; food; proverbs; religion; tragedy
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 5 June 2002@20:36:35.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 6 June 2002@06:02:37.
David Whitehead (augmented n.5; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 12 June 2011@10:35:53.
David Whitehead on 3 June 2012@05:29:14.
David Whitehead on 23 December 2014@10:31:05.

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