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Headword: *bla/ka
Adler number: beta,315
Translated headword: idiot, fool
Vetting Status: high
Accusative case.[1]
[Meaning] a simpleton and a mindless person. It is said because of a certain fish, similar to the (?)sheatfish, so useless that not even a dog could make use of it.[2] [In book] four of Republic [Plato says]: "our condition was idiotic."[3] As someone might say of the breath from a marine creature, which is insensate. Others [derive it] from Blakeia, the place in Kyme, which Aristotle mentions.[4] And in Alexandria there is a blakennomion tax, which astrologers pay, because fools go to them.[5]
"They let [him], resting and being a fool [sc. as he was], go weep."[6]
And the accusative of the plural [is] bla/kas.
It [sc. the sense of this word] is a certain fool who does not know how to decide his affairs.
Greek Original:
*bla/ka: ai)tiatikh/. to\n eu)h/qh kai\ a)no/hton. ei)/rhtai de\ a)po\ i)xqu/os tino\s, o(moi/ou silou/rw|, a)xrh/stou de\ ou(/tws w(s mhde\ ku/na au)tw=| xrh=sqai. *politei/as d#: blakiko/n te h(mw=n to\ pa/qos. w(s ei) le/goi tis pneumoni/an a)po\ tou= qalatti/ou zw/|ou o)/ntos a)naisqh/tou. oi( d' a)po\ tou= pro\s th=| *ku/mh| xwri/ou th=s *blakei/as, ou(= mnhmoneu/ei kai\ *)aristote/lhs. kai\ e)n *)alecandrei/a| de\ te/los ti blakenno/mion, o(\ oi( a)strolo/goi telou=si, dia\ to\ tou\s mwrou\s ei)sie/nai pro\s au)tou/s. e)linu/onta kai\ blakeu/onta kla/ein e)w=si. kai\ h( ai)tiatikh\ tw=n plhquntikw=n bla/kas. e)/sti de\ mwro/s tis mh\ ei)dw\s ta\ pra/gmata diakri=nai.
Same material in Photius and elsewhere.
[1] Of the noun bla/c (beta 314), evidently extracted from somewhere.
[2] cf. sigma 417.
[3] Plato, Republic 432D (web address 1 below).
[4] Aristotle fr. 525 Rose.
[5] Unattested outside these lexica.
[6] Quotation unidentifiable, but perhaps Aelian (so Adler), as this conjunction of verbs is found in him: History of Animals 4.43. See again at epsilon 861, and cf. kappa 1702.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics; geography; law; philosophy; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 11 December 2001@18:56:43.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 12 December 2001@04:42:07.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; x-refs; more keywords; cosmetics) on 24 November 2008@13:55:51.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, new note 6, tweaked link) on 14 October 2011@15:46:01.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 16 October 2011@04:54:26.
David Whitehead (betacode and other cosmetics) on 29 May 2012@04:14:03.
David Whitehead on 26 August 2015@05:01:30.


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