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Headword: Blaka
Adler number: beta,315
Translated headword: idiot, fool
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Accusative case.[1]
[Meaning] a simpleton and a mindless person. It is said because of a certain fish, similar to the (?)sheatfish, so useless that not even a dog could make use of it.[2] [In book] four of Republic [Plato says]: "our condition was idiotic."[3] As someone might say of the breath from a marine creature, which is insensate. Others [derive it] from Blakeia, the place in Kyme, which Aristotle mentions.[4] And in Alexandria there is a blakennomion tax, which astrologers pay, because fools go to them.[5]
"They let [him], resting and being a fool [sc. as he was], go weep."[6]
And the accusative of the plural [is] bla/kas.
It [sc. the sense of this word] is a certain fool who does not know how to decide his affairs.
Greek Original:
Blaka: aitiatikê. ton euêthê kai anoêton. eirêtai de apo ichthuos tinos, homoiou silourôi, achrêstou de houtôs hôs mêde kuna autôi chrêsthai. Politeias d#: blakikon te hêmôn to pathos. hôs ei legoi tis pneumonian apo tou thalattiou zôiou ontos anaisthêtou. hoi d' apo tou pros têi Kumêi chôriou tês Blakeias, hou mnêmoneuei kai Aristotelês. kai en Alexandreiai de telos ti blakennomion, ho hoi astrologoi telousi, dia to tous môrous eisienai pros autous. elinuonta kai blakeuonta klaein eôsi. kai hê aitiatikê tôn plêthuntikôn blakas. esti de môros tis mê eidôs ta pragmata diakrinai.
Notes:
Same material in Photius and elsewhere.
[1] Of the noun bla/c (beta 314), evidently extracted from somewhere.
[2] cf. sigma 417.
[3] Plato, Republic 432D (web address 1 below).
[4] Aristotle fr. 525 Rose.
[5] Unattested outside these lexica.
[6] Quotation unidentifiable, but perhaps Aelian (so Adler), as this conjunction of verbs is found in him: History of Animals 4.43. See again at epsilon 861, and cf. kappa 1702.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics; geography; law; philosophy; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 11 December 2001@18:56:43.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 12 December 2001@04:42:07.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; x-refs; more keywords; cosmetics) on 24 November 2008@13:55:51.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, new note 6, tweaked link) on 14 October 2011@15:46:01.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 16 October 2011@04:54:26.
David Whitehead (betacode and other cosmetics) on 29 May 2012@04:14:03.
David Whitehead on 26 August 2015@05:01:30.

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