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Headword: Βίος
Adler number: beta,294
Translated headword: life, lifestyle
Vetting Status: high
From the works of Philo.[1] "The church of Christ establishes two styles of life, the one supernatural and above the common human way of life, not accepting marriage nor the procreation of children nor the possession of property, but differing altogether from the common customary way of life of the ordinary man." And a little farther on: "but the second and inferior is more human and quite incomparable to the first, which [allows] to join in chaste marriages and procreation, to be concerned with just stewardship and for military men to give orders, to attend to agriculture and commerce and the other public conduct with piety; for such men times of ascetic effort and instruction and hearing the holy scriptures are also set aside, and a second level of piety is assigned, providing a benefit appropriate to a life of this kind."[2] Of saint Athanasios: "there are two ways in life and two life-styles, the one more moderate and ordinary, bearing fruit thirty-fold, but the other angelic and other-worldly, bearing the perfect fruit a hundred-fold. In the same way the life of old was divided into two, into the sublime life of the Pharisees and the inferior worldly life."[3]
But according to philosophers [there are] three moral choices of lifestyle: the life of contemplation, the life of action, and the life of reason.[4]
Greek Original:
Βίος: ἐκ τῶν Φίλωνος. ὅτι ἡ τοῦ Χριστοῦ ἐκκλησία δύο βίους νομοθετεῖ καὶ τρόπους, τὸν μὲν ὑπερφυῆ καὶ τῆς κοινῆς καὶ τῆς ἀνθρωπίνης πολιτείας ἐπέκεινα, οὐ γάμους, οὐ παιδοποιί̈ας, οὐ περιουσίας ὕπαρξιν παραδεχόμενος, ἀλλ' ὅλον διόλου τῆς κοινῆς συνήθους τῶν βιωτικῶν ἀνθρώπων ἀγωγῆς παρηλλαγμένος. καὶ μετ' ὀλίγα: ὁ δὲ δεύτερος καὶ ὑποβεβηκὼς ἀνθρωπινώτερος καὶ τοῦ πρώτου λίαν ἀσύγκριτος, ὃς καὶ γάμοις συγκατιέναι σώφροσι καὶ παιδοποιί̈αις, οἰκονομίας τε τῆς κατὰ τὸ δίκαιον ἐπιμελεῖσθαι καὶ στρατευομένοις τὰ πρακτέα ὑποτίθεσθαι, ἀγρῶν τε καὶ ἐμπορίας καὶ τῆς ἄλλης πολιτικωτάτης ἀγωγῆς μετὰ τοῦ θεοσεβοῦς φροντίζειν, οἷς καὶ ἀσκήσεων καιροὶ μαθητείας τε καὶ τῶν θείων λογίων ἀκροάσεως ἀφωρίσθησαν, καὶ δεύτερος εὐσεβείας ἀπενεμήθη βαθμὸς, κατάλληλον τῷ τοιῷδε βίῳ παρέχων τὴν ὠφέλειαν. τοῦ ἁγίου Ἀθανασίου. δύο εἰσὶν ὁδοὶ ἐν τῷ βίῳ καὶ δύο πολιτεῖαι, ἡ μὲν μετριωτέρα καὶ βιωτικὴ φέρουσα καρπὸν ἐν λ#, ἡ δὲ ἀγγελικὴ καὶ ἀποκόσμιος φέρουσα καρπὸν τὸν τέλειον ἐν ρ#. ὡσαύτως καὶ ὁ παλαιὸς βίος εἰς δύο διῃρεῖτο, εἰς τὸν Φαρισαϊκὸν καὶ ὑψηλὸν καὶ εἰς τὸν ὑποδεέστερον τὸν κοσμικόν. κατὰ δὲ φιλοσόφους βίων αἱρέσεις τρεῖς ἠθικαί: θεωρητική πρακτική λογική.
From (except the final sentence) George the Monk, Chronicon: 334.7 & 14-19, 335.7-24, 336.6-8.
[1] The margin of ms A, Adler reports, contains this note: "[from] Eusebios Pamphylou and not from Philo." On Philo of Alexandria, a.k.a. Philo Judaeus, see phi 448; on Eusebius, see epsilon 3737.
[2] Eusebius, Supplementa minora ad quaestiones ad Marinum PG 22.1008. In Eusebius' Historia Ecclesiastica 2.17-18, information on the ascetical life of the Therapeutae, taken to be Christians, is attributed to Philo. See web address 1.
[3] Athanasius PG 26.1173c; cf. omicron 49, pi 1915.
[4] Adler (addenda) cites for comparison Diogenes Laertius 7.130.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: agriculture; children; Christianity; daily life; definition; economics; ethics; gender and sexuality; historiography; philosophy; religion; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 27 February 2002@23:41:10.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 30 August 2002@08:04:32.
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 3 October 2005@17:34:12.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 16 November 2005@08:08:31.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 1 December 2005@08:24:23.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 28 May 2012@08:34:26.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 17 June 2012@02:34:31.
David Whitehead (another note) on 26 January 2014@06:53:15.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 26 January 2014@06:56:20.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 20 September 2015@10:38:18.


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