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Headword: *bi/os
Adler number: beta,294
Translated headword: life, lifestyle
Vetting Status: high
From the works of Philo.[1] "The church of Christ establishes two styles of life, the one supernatural and above the common human way of life, not accepting marriage nor the procreation of children nor the possession of property, but differing altogether from the common customary way of life of the ordinary man." And a little farther on: "but the second and inferior is more human and quite incomparable to the first, which [allows] to join in chaste marriages and procreation, to be concerned with just stewardship and for military men to give orders, to attend to agriculture and commerce and the other public conduct with piety; for such men times of ascetic effort and instruction and hearing the holy scriptures are also set aside, and a second level of piety is assigned, providing a benefit appropriate to a life of this kind."[2] Of saint Athanasios: "there are two ways in life and two life-styles, the one more moderate and ordinary, bearing fruit thirty-fold, but the other angelic and other-worldly, bearing the perfect fruit a hundred-fold. In the same way the life of old was divided into two, into the sublime life of the Pharisees and the inferior worldly life."[3]
But according to philosophers [there are] three moral choices of lifestyle: the life of contemplation, the life of action, and the life of reason.[4]
Greek Original:
*bi/os: e)k tw=n *fi/lwnos. o(/ti h( tou= *xristou= e)kklhsi/a du/o bi/ous nomoqetei= kai\ tro/pous, to\n me\n u(perfuh= kai\ th=s koinh=s kai\ th=s a)nqrwpi/nhs politei/as e)pe/keina, ou) ga/mous, ou) paidopoii/+as, ou) periousi/as u(/parcin paradexo/menos, a)ll' o(/lon dio/lou th=s koinh=s sunh/qous tw=n biwtikw=n a)nqrw/pwn a)gwgh=s parhllagme/nos. kai\ met' o)li/ga: o( de\ deu/teros kai\ u(pobebhkw\s a)nqrwpinw/teros kai\ tou= prw/tou li/an a)su/gkritos, o(\s kai\ ga/mois sugkatie/nai sw/frosi kai\ paidopoii/+ais, oi)konomi/as te th=s kata\ to\ di/kaion e)pimelei=sqai kai\ strateuome/nois ta\ prakte/a u(poti/qesqai, a)grw=n te kai\ e)mpori/as kai\ th=s a)/llhs politikwta/ths a)gwgh=s meta\ tou= qeosebou=s fronti/zein, oi(=s kai\ a)skh/sewn kairoi\ maqhtei/as te kai\ tw=n qei/wn logi/wn a)kroa/sews a)fwri/sqhsan, kai\ deu/teros eu)sebei/as a)penemh/qh baqmo\s, kata/llhlon tw=| toiw=|de bi/w| pare/xwn th\n w)fe/leian. tou= a(gi/ou *)aqanasi/ou. du/o ei)si\n o(doi\ e)n tw=| bi/w| kai\ du/o politei=ai, h( me\n metriwte/ra kai\ biwtikh\ fe/rousa karpo\n e)n l#, h( de\ a)ggelikh\ kai\ a)poko/smios fe/rousa karpo\n to\n te/leion e)n r#. w(sau/tws kai\ o( palaio\s bi/os ei)s du/o dih|rei=to, ei)s to\n *farisai+ko\n kai\ u(yhlo\n kai\ ei)s to\n u(podee/steron to\n kosmiko/n. kata\ de\ filoso/fous bi/wn ai(re/seis trei=s h)qikai/: qewrhtikh/ praktikh/ logikh/.
From (except the final sentence) George the Monk, Chronicon: 334.7 & 14-19, 335.7-24, 336.6-8.
[1] The margin of ms A, Adler reports, contains this note: "[from] Eusebios Pamphylou and not from Philo." On Philo of Alexandria, a.k.a. Philo Judaeus, see phi 448; on Eusebius, see epsilon 3737.
[2] Eusebius, Supplementa minora ad quaestiones ad Marinum PG 22.1008. In Eusebius' Historia Ecclesiastica 2.17-18, information on the ascetical life of the Therapeutae, taken to be Christians, is attributed to Philo. See web address 1.
[3] Athanasius PG 26.1173c; cf. omicron 49, pi 1915.
[4] Adler (addenda) cites for comparison Diogenes Laertius 7.130.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: agriculture; children; Christianity; daily life; definition; economics; ethics; gender and sexuality; historiography; philosophy; religion; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 27 February 2002@23:41:10.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 30 August 2002@08:04:32.
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 3 October 2005@17:34:12.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 16 November 2005@08:08:31.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 1 December 2005@08:24:23.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 28 May 2012@08:34:26.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 17 June 2012@02:34:31.
David Whitehead (another note) on 26 January 2014@06:53:15.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 26 January 2014@06:56:20.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 20 September 2015@10:38:18.


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