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Headword: Βάραθρον
Adler number: beta,101
Translated headword: cleft
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
It is a pit, into which they[1] used to throw down those condemned to death. But in [the] Philippics Demosthenes used the term not technically but figuratively, as if to say "in a hellhole".[2]
Greek Original:
Βάραθρον: ὄρυγμά ἐστιν, εἰς ὃ ὁ τῆς Ἱπποθοωντίδος δῆμος τοὺς ἐπὶ θανάτῳ κατακρίτους ἐνέβαλλον. ἐν δὲ Φιλιππικοῖς ὁ Δημοσθένης τὴν λέξιν οὐ κυρίως εἶπεν, ἀλλ' ἐκ μεταφορᾶς, οἷον ἐν τῷ ὀλέθρῳ.
Notes:
From Harpokration s.v.
See already beta 99, beta 100 (and generally S.C. Todd, The Shape of Athenian Law (Oxford 1993) 141).
[1] The Greek text here includes the words "the deme of (the tribe) Hippothontis", but (as was first noticed in the nineteenth century) they must have slipped in from another entry, now lost.
[2] Demosthenes 8.45 (web address 1).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; geography; history; imagery; law; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 12 October 2000@05:00:14.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added link) on 13 December 2001@20:20:19.
Catharine Roth (fixed link) on 13 December 2001@20:21:19.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 6 September 2002@01:10:15.
David Whitehead (added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 6 September 2002@03:03:28.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 18 October 2005@06:01:41.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 1 July 2011@08:10:11.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 5 June 2012@19:57:06.

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