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Headword: *ai)sxu/los
Adler number: alphaiota,357
Translated headword: Aiskhylos, Aischylos, Aeschylus
Vetting Status: high
Athenian, tragic poet, son of Euphorion and brother of Ame[i]nias, Euphorion, and Kynageiros, who [all] fought bravely at Marathon together with him.[1] He also had two sons who were tragedians, Euphorion[2] and Euaion. He competed in the 9th Olympiad[3] when he was 25 years old. This man was the first to invent the practice of actors having masks painted wondrously with colors and wearing felt half-boots known as embatai. He wrote both elegiac poetry and 90 tragedies. He won 28 times, though some say[4] 13. Exiled to Sicily following a collapse of the stage during a performance of his, a tortoise was dropped on his head by an eagle that had been carrying it, and he died at the age of 58.[5]
Greek Original:
*ai)sxu/los, *)aqhnai=os, tragiko/s, ui(o\s me\n *eu)fori/wnos, a)delfo\s de\ *)ameni/ou, *eu)fori/wnos kai\ *kunaigei/rou, tw=n ei)s *maraqw=na a)risteusa/ntwn a(/ma au)tw=|. e)/sxe de\ kai\ ui(ou\s tragikou\s du/o, *eu)fori/wna kai\ *eu)ai/wna. h)gwni/zeto de\ au)to\s e)n th=| q# *)olumpia/di e)tw=n w)\n ke#. ou(=tos prw=tos eu(=re proswpei=a deina\ xrw/masi kexrisme/na e)/xein tou\s tragikou\s kai\ tai=s a)rbu/lais toi=s kaloume/nois e)mba/tais kexrh=sqai. e)/graye de\ kai\ e)legei=a kai\ tragw|di/as #4#: ni/kas de\ ei(=len h# kai\ k#, oi( de\ triskai/deka/ fasi. fugw\n de\ ei)s *sikeli/an dia\ to\ pesei=n ta\ i)kri/a e)pideiknume/nou au)tou=, xelw/nhs e)pirrifei/shs au)tw=| u(po\ a)etou= fe/rontos kata\ th=s kefalh=s, a)pw/leto e)tw=n nh# geno/menos.
c.525/4-456/5. See generally OCD(4) s.v. (pp.26-28).
[1] In 490. Ameinias was probably not a relation, because he came from a different deme (Herodotus 8.84): see M.R. Lefkowitz, The Lives of the Greek Poets (London 1981) 69.
[2] See epsilon 3800.
[3] So the transmitted numeral, equating to 744-741 BCE; suggested emendations produce the 69th (504-501) or the 70th (500-497). For this first try at competition (actually in 499) cf. pi 2230.
[4] More correctly.
[5] Repeated at the end of chi 191. This age does not conform to the generally accepted dates for Aeschylus' life (see above).
Keywords: biography; chronology; clothing; ethics; geography; military affairs; poetry; proverbs; stagecraft; trade and manufacture; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: Ross Scaife ✝ on 22 March 2002@09:17:12.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 10 April 2002@12:18:54.
Ross Scaife ✝ (corrected reference to Hdt following note from David Sansone) on 22 May 2002@14:26:46.
Elizabeth Vandiver (Added keyword; augmented note; added italics) on 20 January 2006@19:22:13.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 17 May 2012@06:18:03.
David Whitehead (expanded n.3) on 31 March 2014@08:14:20.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 1 August 2014@04:49:19.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 1 December 2015@04:30:48.


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