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Headword: Αἰσχύλος
Adler number: alphaiota,357
Translated headword: Aiskhylos, Aischylos, Aeschylus
Vetting Status: high
Athenian, tragic poet, son of Euphorion and brother of Ame[i]nias, Euphorion, and Kynageiros, who [all] fought bravely at Marathon together with him.[1] He also had two sons who were tragedians, Euphorion[2] and Euaion. He competed in the 9th Olympiad[3] when he was 25 years old. This man was the first to invent the practice of actors having masks painted wondrously with colors and wearing felt half-boots known as embatai. He wrote both elegiac poetry and 90 tragedies. He won 28 times, though some say[4] 13. Exiled to Sicily following a collapse of the stage during a performance of his, a tortoise was dropped on his head by an eagle that had been carrying it, and he died at the age of 58.[5]
Greek Original:
Αἰσχύλος, Ἀθηναῖος, τραγικός, υἱὸς μὲν Εὐφορίωνος, ἀδελφὸς δὲ Ἀμενίου, Εὐφορίωνος καὶ Κυναιγείρου, τῶν εἰς Μαραθῶνα ἀριστευσάντων ἅμα αὐτῷ. ἔσχε δὲ καὶ υἱοὺς τραγικοὺς δύο, Εὐφορίωνα καὶ Εὐαίωνα. ἠγωνίζετο δὲ αὐτὸς ἐν τῇ θ# Ὀλυμπιάδι ἐτῶν ὢν κε#. οὗτος πρῶτος εὗρε προσωπεῖα δεινὰ χρώμασι κεχρισμένα ἔχειν τοὺς τραγικοὺς καὶ ταῖς ἀρβύλαις τοῖς καλουμένοις ἐμβάταις κεχρῆσθαι. ἔγραψε δὲ καὶ ἐλεγεῖα καὶ τραγῳδίας #4#: νίκας δὲ εἷλεν η# καὶ κ#, οἱ δὲ τρισκαίδεκά φασι. φυγὼν δὲ εἰς Σικελίαν διὰ τὸ πεσεῖν τὰ ἰκρία ἐπιδεικνυμένου αὐτοῦ, χελώνης ἐπιρριφείσης αὐτῷ ὑπὸ ἀετοῦ φέροντος κατὰ τῆς κεφαλῆς, ἀπώλετο ἐτῶν νη# γενόμενος.
c.525/4-456/5. See generally OCD(4) s.v. (pp.26-28).
[1] In 490. Ameinias was probably not a relation, because he came from a different deme (Herodotus 8.84): see M.R. Lefkowitz, The Lives of the Greek Poets (London 1981) 69.
[2] See epsilon 3800.
[3] So the transmitted numeral, equating to 744-741 BCE; suggested emendations produce the 69th (504-501) or the 70th (500-497). For this first try at competition (actually in 499) cf. pi 2230.
[4] More correctly.
[5] Repeated at the end of chi 191. This age does not conform to the generally accepted dates for Aeschylus' life (see above).
Keywords: biography; chronology; clothing; ethics; geography; military affairs; poetry; proverbs; stagecraft; trade and manufacture; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: Ross Scaife ✝ on 22 March 2002@09:17:12.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 10 April 2002@12:18:54.
Ross Scaife ✝ (corrected reference to Hdt following note from David Sansone) on 22 May 2002@14:26:46.
Elizabeth Vandiver (Added keyword; augmented note; added italics) on 20 January 2006@19:22:13.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 17 May 2012@06:18:03.
David Whitehead (expanded n.3) on 31 March 2014@08:14:20.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 1 August 2014@04:49:19.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 1 December 2015@04:30:48.


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