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Headword: *ai)liano/s
Adler number: alphaiota,178
Translated headword: Aelian, Aelianus, Ailianos
Vetting Status: high
Of Praeneste in Italy.[1] High-priest and sophist; surnamed Claudius. He was nicknamed 'honey-tongued' or 'honey-voiced'. He was a sophist in Rome itself in the period after Hadrian.[2]
Greek Original:
*ai)liano/s, a)po\ *prainestou= th=s *)itali/as, a)rxiereu\s kai\ sofisth/s, o( xrhmati/sas *klau/dios: o(\s e)peklh/qh meli/glwssos h)\ meli/fqoggos: kai\ e)sofi/steusen e)n *(rw/mh| au)th=| e)pi\ tw=n meta\ *)adriano\n xro/nwn.
Claudius Aelianus (c. 170-235), Roman author and teacher of rhetoric at Rome, was born at Praeneste, offspring of freedmen, and flourished under the reign of Septimius Severus (192-211). He wrote in Greek and was admired for it; according to Philostratus, (Lives of the Sophists 624-5), “he wrote Attic as correctly as the Athenians in the interior of Attica” (trans. by Wright). Aelian’s major works are De natura animalium, a collection, in 17 books, of brief and curious stories of natural history, and Varia Historia, a miscellany of anecdotes, lists, maxims and descriptions, in 14 books. Aelian is quoted on no fewer than 247 occasions in the Suda; these quotations include references to two other works, *Peri\ *Pronoi/as and *Peri\ qei/wn e)nargei/wn. Also attributed to him is a collection of fictitious letters, the so-called Epistulae Rusticae, purportedly addressed to and by Attic farmers.
RE Aelianus (11); NP Ailianos (2); OCD4 Aelian; Philostratus, Lives of the Sophists 2.31.
[1] pi 2235 Prainestos.
[2] 117-138.
J.F. Kindstrand, 'Claudius Aelianus und sein Werk', ANRW II 34.4 (1998) 2954-96
Keywords: biography; chronology; geography; imagery; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 11 February 2001@10:02:31.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth on 5 April 2002@21:50:46.
David Whitehead (added note and keyword) on 10 April 2002@08:29:15.
Catharine Roth (imported Ioannis Doukas' biographical note from mu 1154) on 18 April 2011@10:59:37.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; more keywords; cosmetics) on 14 May 2012@09:18:49.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 26 August 2013@21:12:00.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 6 July 2014@01:29:55.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@08:50:42.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticules) on 18 March 2015@22:39:27.
David Whitehead (another note) on 19 March 2015@03:45:08.
Catharine Roth (fixed note number) on 19 March 2015@20:42:24.


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