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Headword: *)ake/stas
Adler number: alpha,851
Translated headword: healers
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] doctors.[1] Also [sc. attested is] a)ke/stwr, [genitive] a)ke/storos, [also meaning] doctor.
Greek Original:
*)ake/stas: i)atrou/s. kai\ *)ake/stwr, a)ke/storos, o( i)atro/s.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica. The headword is accusative plural of the noun a)kesth/s, evidently quoted from somewhere but not independently attested.
Both a)kesth/s and a)ke/stwr, and their derivatives, are used in some writers as simple synonyms for other words for 'doctor' and 'healing': Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 2.512 (and scholia thereto), Corpus Hippocraticum, De flatibus 1.8, Lycophron Alexandra 1050, some ecclesiastical writers, incl. St. Basil, and the poems of the Greek Anthology. Akestor is once used as an epithet for Phoebus Apollo (Euripides, Andromache 900) and is a reasonably common personal name for a tragic playwright also called Sakas (see sigma 33, from whom the recurrent character in comedy may be drawn), for an artist, a historian and a couple of mythological characters. In a little-noticed note Joannes Philoponus the grammaticus (De vocabulis quae diversam significationem exhibent 149.8) distinguishes the accentuation of a)kesth/s 'doctor' from that of a)ke/sths 'stitcher, tailor', as it is used by Xenophon (Cyropaedia 1.6.16) and others. See alpha 856.
Keywords: Christianity; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; medicine; poetry; religion; tragedy
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 5 June 2000@08:59:06.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keyword; restorative and other cosmetics) on 29 May 2002@06:54:53.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 24 January 2012@05:26:04.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 7 December 2014@22:46:00.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 10 January 2015@22:44:55.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1; cosmetics) on 11 January 2015@03:32:55.


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