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Headword: Ἀκαδημία
Adler number: alpha,774
Translated headword: Academy
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A place of exercise in Athens, a wooded suburb in which Plato used to spend his time; named after Hekademos, a hero. It was formerly called the Hecademy, [spelled] with epsilon.[1]
Aristophanes in Clouds [writes]: "but going down into the Academy, you will run crowned with pale reeds under the sacred olives with a sound-minded age-mate, smelling of bindweed and quietude and the bright falling leaves, delighting in the season of spring, when the plane tree whispers to the elm."[2]
Greek Original:
Ἀκαδημία: γυμνάσιον ἐν Ἀθήναις, προάστειον ἀλσῶδες ἐν ᾧ διέτριβε Πλάτων, ἀπὸ Ἑκαδήμου τινὸς ἥρωος ὀνομασθέν. πρότερον δὲ διὰ τοῦ ε Ἑκαδημία ἐκαλεῖτο. Ἀριστοφάνης Νεφέλαις: ἀλλ' εἰς Ἑκαδημίαν κατιὼν, ὑπὸ ταῖς μορίαις ἀποθρέξεις στεφανωσάμενος καλάμῳ λευκῷ μετὰ σώφρονος ἡλικιώτου, μίλακος ὄζων καὶ ἀπραγμοσύνης καὶ λεύκης φυλλοβολούσης, ἦρος ἐν ὥρᾳ χαίρων, ὁπότ' ἂν πλάτανος πτελέᾳ ψιθυρίζῃ.
Notes:
See also alpha 775, and generally OCD(4) pp.2 ('Academy') and 638 ('gymnasium').
[1] From Diogenes Laertius 3.7-8 (= schol. Demosth. 24.114); cf. epsilon 338. See also (e.g.) Pausanias 1.29.2, 1.30.1-3.
[2] Aristophanes, Clouds 1005-1008; cf. alpha 3682, mu 1058, mu 1248.
References:
Baltes, Matthias. "Plato's School, the Academy," Hermathena 155 (1993) 3-26
Dancy, R.M. Two Studies in the Early Academy (SUNY Press, New York: 1991)
Dorandi, T. "Four Testimonia on the Academy," Classical Quarterly 38 (1988) 576-578
Keywords: aetiology; athletics; biography; botany; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; imagery; philosophy; religion
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 13 January 2000@00:44:18.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation, augmented notes and bibliography) on 19 September 2000@05:09:45.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 23 May 2002@05:48:43.
Elizabeth Vandiver (Added italics) on 28 September 2005@18:15:54.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr) on 22 July 2009@03:35:24.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 22 January 2012@08:00:19.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@03:40:46.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 27 November 2016@22:39:55.

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