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Headword: Ἀδράστεια Νέμεσις
Adler number: alpha,523
Translated headword: Adrasteian Nemesis, Nemesis of Adrastos
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[sc. So called because] from her, someone could not run away [ἀποδράσειεν ].[1]
"Adrasteian Nemesis follows him, avenging haughty and unrestrained words."[2]
So Adrasteian Nemesis [is named] from Adrastos.[3] [sc. It is a proverbial phrase] in reference to those first experiencing good fortune but later bad; for of the descendants of those who campaigned against [the] Thebans, only Aigialeus son of Adrastos was killed.[4]
Greek Original:
Ἀδράστεια Νέμεσις: ἣν οὐκ ἄν τις ἀποδράσειεν. Ἀδραστείας αὐτῷ Νέμεσις τιμωρὸς ὑπερόγκων καὶ ἀχαλίνων λόγων ἠκολούθησεν. Ἀδράστεια οὖν Νέμεσις, ἀπὸ Ἀδράστου. ἐπὶ τῶν πρότερον μὲν εὐδαιμονησάντων, ὕστερον δὲ δυστυχησάντων: τῶν γὰρ ἀπογόνων Θηβαίοις ἐπιστρατευσάντων, μόνος Αἰγιαλεὺς ἀπώλετο Ἀδράστου παῖς.
Notes:
See also alpha 524.
[1] Same etymology in Photius and other lexica.
[2] Aelian fr. 227 Domingo-Forasté (228 Hercher).
[3] For this and what follows cf. Zenobius 1.30 and other paroemiographers.
[4] After relating the story of Adrastus's exceptional survival during the attack on Thebes, Libanius (Narration 10 [Foerster vol. 8, pp. 40-41]) adds that "This then seemed to come about in this way as a result of divine retribution. And the Greeks immediately honor Nemesis with a temple, addressing the goddess as Adrasteia." For the temple to Adrasteia Nemesis, see Strabo 13.1.13.
Reference:
On Nemesis in general, both goddess and abstract concept, see OCD(4) s.v. (p.1006)
Keywords: aetiology; daily life; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; military affairs; mythology; proverbs; religion
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 17 March 2001@00:07:36.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added notes, bibliography, keyword) on 17 March 2001@08:15:51.
Craig Gibson on 5 November 2003@17:27:33.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, keyword) on 9 June 2007@01:23:45.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 11 January 2012@09:01:33.
Catharine Roth (updated reference in note 2) on 3 February 2012@01:13:11.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@03:08:52.
David Whitehead on 26 April 2015@04:31:09.

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