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Headword: *)/axqomai
Adler number: alpha,4702
Translated headword: I am sick [of], I am grieved by
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] I am distressed, I am irritated.[1]
Aristophanes [writes]: "I am sick of their peacocks and their quackery." Meaning their ornamental gowns; since a peacock [is] ornamental; or because they used to wear purple and tiaras.[2]
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] "I am sick of his filth",[3] meaning his illiberality and pettiness. For they applied the [term] r(u/pos to those who are stingy and illiberal. Thus at any rate they call such men "dirty-knuckled" [rhupokonduloi].
And Aristophanes [writes]: "for I am sick of onions."[4]
And Josephus [writes]: "God was grieved at the survival of the king of the Amalekites and at the crowd's plundering of the cattle, because these things were done without him consenting."[5]
Also [sc. attested is the participle] a)xqo/menoi ["they being grieved"], [meaning] being distressed, oppressed. "Around midday, being grieved by the sun, they laid down their arms."[6]
Also attested is the related noun a)/xqos ["grief"], [meaning] distress, pain.[7]
Greek Original:
*)/axqomai: barou=mai, a)ganaktw=. *)aristofa/nhs: a)/xqomai toi=s taw=si toi=s t' a)lazoneu/masin. a)nti\ tou= toi=s ko/lpois toi=s pepoikilme/nois: e)pei\ o( taw\s poiki/los. h)\ o(/ti porfu/rais e)xrw=nto kai\ tia/rais. kai\ *)/axqomai au)tou= tw=| r(u/pw|, a)nti\ tou= th=| a)neleuqeri/a| kai\ mikrologi/a|. to\n ga\r r(u/pon e)pi\ tw=n gli/sxrwn kai\ a)neleuqe/rwn e)ti/qesan. ou(/tw gou=n r(upokondu/lous le/gousi tou\s toiou/tous. kai\ *)aristofa/nhs: kromu/ois ga\r a)/xqomai. kai\ *)iw/shpos: o( de\ qeo\s a)/xqetai th=| te tou= basile/ws tw=n *)amalhkitw=n swthri/a| kai\ th=| tw=n boskhma/twn diarpagh=| tou= plh/qous, o(/ti mh\ sugxwrh/santos au)tou= tau=t' e)pra/xqh. kai\ *)axqo/menoi, barou/menoi, piezo/menoi. a)mfi/ te h(me/ran me/shn tw=| h(li/w| a)xqo/menoi ta\ o(/pla kate/qento. kai\ *)/axqos, ba/ros, lu/ph.
cf. eta 682.
[1] From the scholia to Homer, Iliad 5.361, and to Aristophanes, Wealth [Plutus] 234, where the headword occurs.
[2] Aristophanes, Acharnians 63 (web address 1 below), with scholion.
[3] Aristophanes fr. 669 Kock, now 931 K.-A. (classified by them as dubious).
[4] Aristophanes, Acharnians 1100 (web address 2).
[5] Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 6.142 (web address 3).
[6] Procopius, History of the Wars of Justinian 2.18.18.
[7] From a scholium to Homer, Iliad 12.452, where the word occurs.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: clothing; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; food; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; religion; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 7 June 2001@05:01:06.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keywords; cosmetics) on 7 June 2001@07:04:48.
David Whitehead (added keyword) on 29 August 2002@05:10:27.
David Whitehead (more keywords; betacode and other cosmetics) on 9 May 2012@08:52:40.
David Whitehead (x-ref) on 26 January 2014@05:39:11.
David Whitehead on 22 December 2014@10:43:21.
David Whitehead on 11 September 2015@10:03:05.
David Whitehead on 11 September 2015@10:40:33.
Catharine Roth (tweaked links) on 6 January 2016@01:21:56.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation and link) on 27 October 2018@12:21:33.


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