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Headword: *)afele/s
Adler number: alpha,4576
Translated headword: simple
Vetting Status: high
"But he uttered something which, while foreign and simple, was nevertheless effective [and] useful: that it is necessary first to scare away the bees and then to take up the honey in a more leisurely [fashion]."[1]
Also [sc. attested is the masculine] a)felh/s, in reference to someone sound and complete in all parts, or large and without restraint. And [the neuter] a)fele/s likewise.[2]
"I hate the brazen woman, [sc. but] I really hate the prudish one."[3] In reference to one who is rascally and lewd.
"And to write letters simply".[4]
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] a)felw=n pedi/wn ["of simple plains"] Aristophanes [writes as follows] about Crates:[5] "who having flowed with a lot of praise used to gush across the simple plains, and sweep up from their places and bear off the oaks and the plane trees and his enemies by the roots;[6] and in symposia it was impossible to sing anything except '[o] fig-shod Doro', and 'Makers of Skilful Songs', so popular was he. Now you don't pity him although you see him babbling, all his [lyre] pegs fallen out and the strings leaving gaping holes; but he's an old man and wanders around, just like Connas, not having any wreath, perishing from thirst, he who should be drinking in the Prytaneum on account of his former victories."[7] That is, often esteemed. For Cratinus praised himself in the Pytine, saying: "Lord Apollo, the rushing founts of the current of words, the twelve-springed source, the Ilissos of the throat; what should I say? If a person does not stop up his mouth, you will deluge their mouths."[8]
Greek Original:
*)afele/s: o( de\ e)pifqe/ggetai barbariko\n me/n ti kai\ a)fele\s, e)nergo\n de\ o(/mws xrh/simon, w(s dei= pro/teron a)posobei=n ta\s meli/ttas kai\ e)/peita to\ me/li sxolai/teron a)nairei=sqai. kai\ *)afelh/s, e)pi\ tou= u(gih\s kai\ o(lo/klhros, h)\ me/gas kai\ a)nepikw/lutos. kai\ a)fele\s o(moi/ws. misw= th\n a)felh=, misw= th\n sw/frona li/an. e)pi\ th=s a)ponh/rou kai\ dosipu/gou. kai\ ta\ e)pisto/lia a)felw=s gra/fein. kai\ *)afelw=n pedi/wn. *)aristofa/nhs peri\ *kra/thtos: o(\s pollw=| r(eu/sas e)pai/nw| dia\ tw=n a)felw=n pedi/wn e)/rrei, kai\ th=s sta/sews parasu/rwn e)fo/rei ta\s dru=s kai\ ta\s plata/nous kai\ tou\s e)xqrou\s proqelu/mnous: a)=|sai d' ou)k h)=n e)n sumposi/ois plh\n, do/ru sukope/dile, kai\, te/ktones eu)pala/mwn u(/mnwn: ou(/tws h)/nqhsen e)kei=nos. nu=n d' u(mei=s au)to\n o(rw=ntes paralhrou=nt' ou)k e)leei=te, e)kpiptousw=n tw=n h)le/ktrwn kai\ tou/tou ou)k e)/t' o)/ntos tw=n q' a(rmoniw=n diaxaskousw=n: a)lla\ ge/rwn w)\n perie/rrei, w(/sper *konna=s, ste/fanon me\n e)/xwn, di/yh| d' a)polwlw/s, o(\n xrh=n dia\ ta\s prote/ras ni/kas pi/nein e)n tw=| prutanei/w|. toute/stin eu)dokimh/sas polla/kis. o( ga\r *krati=nos e(auto\n e)ph/|nesen e)n *puti/nh| le/gwn: a)/nac *)/apollon, tw=n e)pw=n tou= r(eu/matos kanaxou=si phgai\, dwdeka/krounon sto/ma, *)ilisso\s e)n th=| faruggi/a|: ti/ a)\n ei)/poimi; ei) mh/ge e)pibu/sei tis au)tou= to\ sto/ma, kataklu/sei toi=s sto/masin.
The headword, neuter singular of this adjective, is presumably extracted from the first quotation given.
[1] Agathias, Histories 3.6 (p.149 Niebuhr); cf. sigma 1800.
[2] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Knights 527, quoted below.
[3] Greek Anthology 5.42.1 (Rufinus); cf. delta 1482, mu 1130. (This bad sense of the headword adjective is noted in LSJ s.v.)
[4] Marcus Aurelius, Meditations 1.7.5.
[5] Cratinus, rather.
[6] Cf. sigma 1004.
[7] Aristophanes, Knights 526-535 (web address 1 below); cf. delta 1441. Doro, Bribery personified, is corrupted by the lexicographer to do/ru ("spear"). For Connas see kappa 2027. For the Prytaneum (City Hall), where amongst other things celebrities were fed at public expense, see pi 2999.
[8] Cratinus fr. 186 Kock, now 198 K.-A.; again at delta 1441.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; food; gender and sexuality; historiography; history; imagery; meter and music; philosophy; poetry; women; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 16 March 2002@08:09:27.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 17 March 2002@08:34:15.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 7 March 2005@09:13:21.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 26 July 2006@07:47:55.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords) on 6 May 2012@09:42:53.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr) on 17 July 2012@07:32:19.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, upgraded link) on 17 July 2012@15:26:54.
Catharine Roth (added a cross-reference) on 4 July 2013@01:32:39.
David Whitehead on 3 January 2015@07:03:32.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note 3) on 1 June 2021@00:20:58.


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