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Headword: *au)=on
Adler number: alpha,4456
Translated headword: parched
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning something] dry.[1]
Hesiod [writes]: "to cut the parched from the green."[2]
Also in the Epigrams: "and breaking off a chunk of parched bread, the poor-man's sacrifice."[3]
And elsewhere: "to some extent he was parched on account of fear, but otherwise the command from the god sustained the man."[4]
For 'I parch' [is] 'I defile', from the [verb] u(/w, which means 'I rain', [then] a)-u/+w with the alpha-privative, and au)/w by crasis.
Greek Original:
*au)=on: chro/n. *(hsi/odos: au)=on a)po\ xlwrou= ta/mnein. kai\ e)n *)epigra/mmasi: kai\ tru/fos a)/rtou au)=on e)piqrau/sas, th\n penixrh\n qusi/an. kai\ au)=qis: kai\ ta\ me\n au)=os u(po\ tou= fo/bou h)=n, ta\ de\ a)ne/feren h( e)k tou= qeou= pro/stacis to\n a)/ndra. au)/w ga\r to\ chrai/nw, para\ to\ u(/w, to\ bre/xw, a)u/+w meta\ tou= sterhtikou= a, kai\ kra/sei au)/w.
cf. generally alpha 4407, alpha 4418, alpha 4421.
[1] From a scholion on Homer, Iliad 12.160, where the headword (accusative singular of this adjective) occurs.
[2] Hesiod, Works and Days 743 (web address 1), probably referring to trimming the fingernails.
[3] Greek Anthology 6.105.3-4 (Apollonides), a fisherman's offerings to Artemis, see Gow and Page vol. I (126-127); vol. II (148-149); and further extracts at alpha 2523, lambda 544, tau 962, zeta 164, and phi 819.
[4] Perhaps from Aelian (so Adler); in any event already at alpha 2352.
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1968)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge, 1968)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: aetiology; biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; food; imagery; poetry; religion; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: William Hutton on 25 March 2002@03:40:21.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added notes) on 27 August 2002@11:20:24.
David Whitehead (augmented note; cosmetics) on 28 August 2002@03:27:45.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 6 March 2011@04:32:37.
David Whitehead (x-refs) on 1 May 2012@03:38:10.
David Whitehead on 10 September 2015@11:15:02.
Catharine Roth (more betacode) on 21 December 2015@00:30:42.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.3, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keyword) on 21 July 2022@15:46:07.


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