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Headword: Ἀστρονομία
Adler number: alpha,4257
Translated headword: astronomy, astrology
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] the arrangement of the stars.[1]
Babylonians were the first to discover this through Zoroaster;[2] and with them Ostanes.[3] They established that [events] happen by a heavenly motion around those who are being born. After them Egyptians and Greeks received this [teaching] and attribute those who are begotten to the movement of the stars.
Also [sc. attested is the proverbial phrase] ἄστροις τεκμαίρεσθαι ["to judge by stars"], in reference to those traveling a long and lonely journey[4] and reckoning the location of their homelands by stars.
Also [sc. attested is the adjective] ἀστρῷος ["starry"], [meaning] the one [who comes] out of the stars.[5]
Magic and astrology began from Magousaeans. For the Persians are called Magog by their countrymen. And the same are [called] Magousaeans.[6]
Greek Original:
Ἀστρονομία: ἡ τῶν ἄστρων διανομή. πρῶτοι Βαβυλώνιοι ταύτην ἐφεῦρον διὰ Ζωροάστρου: μεθ' ὧν καὶ Ὀστάνης: οἳ ἐπέστησαν τῇ οὐρανίᾳ κινήσει τὰ περὶ τοὺς τικτομένους συμβαίνειν: ἀφ' ὧν Αἰγύπτιοι καὶ Ἕλληνες ἐδέξαντο καὶ τοὺς γεννωμένους ἀναφέρουσιν εἰς τὴν τῶν ἀστέρων κίνησιν. καὶ Ἄστροις τεκμαίρεσθαι, ἐπὶ τῶν μακρὰν καὶ ἔρημον ὁδὸν πορευομένων καὶ ἄστροις σημειουμένων τὰς θέσεις τῶν πατρίδων. καὶ Ἀστρῷος, ὁ ἐκ τῶν ἄστρων. ὅτι μαγεία καὶ ἀστρολογία ἀπὸ Μαγουσαίων ἤρξατο. οἱ γάρ τοι Πέρσαι Μαγὼγ ὑπὸ τῶν ἐγχωρίων ὀνομάζονται. καὶ Μαγουσαῖοι, οἱ αὐτοί.
Notes:
[1] Comparable glossing, according to Adler, in the Ambrosian Lexicon (3522).
[2] See alpha 2723, zeta 159, zeta 160, zeta 161.
[3] cf. mu 28, omicron 710.
[4] Macarius 2.50.
[5] Likewise, according to Adler, in the Ambrosian Lexicon (3403).
[6] From gamma 365; cf. mu 29, pi 1367.
Keywords: biography; chronology; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; philosophy; proverbs; religion; science and technology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 26 June 2002@20:36:32.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keywords; cosmetics) on 27 June 2002@03:43:39.
Catharine Roth (changed a word) on 27 June 2002@12:32:09.
David Whitehead (restorative cosmetics) on 26 August 2002@08:06:32.
Catharine Roth (added cross-references) on 16 October 2002@17:37:54.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 16 October 2002@20:51:57.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 26 April 2012@04:21:35.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 2 September 2015@04:08:13.

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