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Headword: Ἀρχὴ Σκυρία
Adler number: alpha,4101
Translated headword: Skyrian empire, Scyrian empire
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[sc. A proverbial phrase] in reference to those who are paltry and possess nothing worthwhile. Inasmuch as Skyros,[1] rocky and dreary and accordingly poor, produces nothing worth mentioning.[2] Some [say], though, [that it comes] from Theseus; that when he attacked the realm of Lykomedes and tried to rape his wife he was thrown over a cliff.[3] And Theophrastos, in the First Occasions, reports that Theseus was the first to be ostracized in Athens.[4]
Greek Original:
Ἀρχὴ Σκυρία: ἐπὶ τῶν εὐτελῶν καὶ μηδὲν λυσιτελὲς ἐχόντων. παρόσον πετρώδης καὶ λυπρὰ καὶ διὰ τοῦτο πενιχρὰ ἡ Σκῦρος οὐδὲν φέρουσα λόγου ἄξιον. οἱ δὲ ἀπὸ Θησέως, ὅτι ἐπιθέμενος τῇ Λυκομήδους ἀρχῇ, ὅτι πειρῶν τὴν γυναῖκα αὐτοῦ κατακρημνισθείη. ὀστρακισθῆναι δὲ πρῶτον Ἀθήνησι Θησέα ἱστορεῖ Θεόφραστος ἐν τοῖς πρώτοις καιροῖς.
Notes:
[1] An island in the dead centre of the Aegean Sea; for other proverbs mentioning it see alphaiota 238, sigma 714.
[2] Similarly explained in Zenobius 1.32 and other paroemiographers.
[3] For Theseus and Lykomedes see e.g. Pausanias 1.17.6 and Plutarch, Theseus 35 (neither, however, mentioning L.'s wife). In the 470s BCE Kimon brought back from Skyros to Athens bones which were believed to be those of Theseus; cf. theta 367.
[4] Theophrastus 638 FHS&G (fr.131 Wimmer). For ostracism see omicron 716, omicron 717; as a formal procedure it dates back no earlier than the late sixth century BCE.
Keywords: aetiology; biography; chronology; daily life; economics; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; history; law; mythology; proverbs; women
Translated by: William Hutton on 26 March 2002@10:24:42.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes; cosmetics) on 11 April 2002@10:19:55.
David Whitehead (augmented notes) on 14 June 2007@07:56:38.
David Mirhady (updated Theophr. reference) on 25 July 2008@12:19:37.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 23 April 2012@07:46:31.
David Whitehead (coding; cosmetics) on 1 September 2015@03:38:08.

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