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Headword: Ἀγχίνοια
Adler number: alpha,403
Translated headword: tight-wittedness
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] intelligence.[1]
Or "disposition of character for finding out immediately what the appropriate action is."[2] Or "a certain ability to guess properly in a brief period of time."[3]
Also [sc. attested is the related adjective] tight-witted.[4] Damascius [writes]: "...an acute and tight-witted natural power capable of being applied in many directions in a short time, very quick to understand and recognize the traces of what it is seeking." The passage [is] about Isidoros.[5]
Greek Original:
Ἀγχίνοια: σύνεσις. ἢ ἕξις εὑρετικὴ τοῦ καθήκοντος ἐκ τοῦ παραχρῆμα. ἢ εὐστοχία τις ἐν ἀσκέπτῳ χρόνῳ. καὶ Ἀγχίνουν: Δαμάσκιος: ὀξεῖαν δὲ καὶ ἀγχίνουν φύσεως δύναμιν ἐπὶ πολλὰ δι' ὀλίγου φέρεσθαι δυναμένην ἑτοιμοτάτην συνιέναι καὶ γνωρίζειν τὰ ἴχνη τῶν θηραμάτων. περὶ Ἰσιδώρου ὁ λόγος.
Notes:
See also alpha 402.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica.
[2] Diogenes Laertius 7.93. See also Stobaeus, Eclogae 2.61, 2-4 (ed. Wachsmuth), where "tight-wittedness" (ἀγχίνοια ) is called "knowledge" (ἐπιστήμη ) instead of "disposition of character" (ἕξις ). However, according to the Stoic doctrine described in this line, insofar as ἀγχίνοια is a virtue subordinated to prudence (φρόνησις ), it is both a form of knowledge and a disposition of character.
[3] Alexander of Aphrodisias, Commentaries on Aristotle's Topica 93.7.
[4] (alpha 402.) Here in the accusative case, extracted from the quotation which now follows.
[5] Damascius fr.71 Zintzen (31 Asmus), in Photius, Bibliotheke; cf. epsilon 3071, phi 404.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; philosophy
Translated by: William Hutton on 30 October 2000@21:01:09.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes; cosmetics) on 24 July 2001@04:57:57.
David Whitehead on 24 July 2001@05:12:06.
Marcelo Boeri (Modified translation; augmented note and reference.) on 5 June 2003@16:58:10.
David Whitehead (augmented note and keywords; cosmetics) on 6 June 2003@02:47:18.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 29 November 2005@21:49:34.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 9 January 2012@07:24:47.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 27 March 2015@00:52:38.
David Whitehead (another note; cosmetics) on 11 April 2015@08:48:36.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 11 April 2015@21:34:06.

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