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Headword: Ἄρκτος
Adler number: alpha,3961
Translated headword: bear
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] the animal [of that name]; and the ever-moving constellation.[1]
But Arktouros is also the name for the whole Bootes ["ploughman"], but in a particular sense for the star under his belt.[2]
It is also called Arktophylax ["bear-guard"].[3]
Also [sc. attested is the adjective] arktôios ["northern, arctic"], [referring to] the [sc. place of its] rising.
Greek Original:
Ἄρκτος: τὸ ζῷον: καὶ τὸ ἀεικίνητον ἀστροθέτημα. Ἀρκτοῦρος δὲ λέγεται καὶ αὐτὸς ὅλος ὁ Βοώτης, ἰδίως δὲ καὶ ὁ ὑπὸ τὴν ζώνην αὐτοῦ ἀστήρ. λέγεται καὶ Ἀρκτοφύλαξ. καὶ Ἀρκτῷος, ὁ ἀνατολικός.
Notes:
[1] Likewise, post-Suda, in Etymologicum Magnum 144.18. The constellation (cf. under alpha 4239) is "ever-moving" because it does not set but remains above the horizon (in the relevant latitudes).
[2] Abridged from Harpokration s.v., an entry generated by Lysias fr. 235 Sauppe (now 289 Carey OCT) and citing also Aratus and Hesiod.
[3] From beta 386.
Keywords: definition; geography; poetry; rhetoric; science and technology; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 29 July 2001@07:20:23.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 30 July 2001@03:28:11.
Catharine Roth (modified translation, augmented notes) on 28 November 2001@21:08:22.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 30 June 2011@09:14:48.
David Whitehead on 25 April 2012@08:43:50.
David Whitehead on 31 August 2015@06:39:55.

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