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Headword: Ἀρίστιππος
Adler number: alpha,3908
Translated headword: Aristippus, Aristippos
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Son of Aritades, from Cyrene, a philosopher, a pupil of Socrates; by whom the sect called Cyrenaic began.[1]
He was the first of the Socratics to take wages. He was on bad terms with Xenophon,[2] and he was able to adapt himself to both time and place. And he enjoyed what things were at hand and pursued pleasure, but he did not by toil chase after the enjoyment of things which he did not have. Hence Diogenes called him the "king's dog".[3] His sayings [were] the best and greatest. His daughter Arete[4] learned [from him], whose [student was] her son the young Aristippos, who was named Mother-taught, and his [student was] Theodoros, who was called "Godless", then "God"; and his [student was] Antipater,[5] and his [student was] Epitimedes of Cyrene,[6] his Paraibates, his Hegesias the Advocate of Death [by suicide],[7] and his Annikeris, who ransomed Plato.[8]
Greek Original:
Ἀρίστιππος: Ἀριτάδου, ἀπὸ Κυρήνης, φιλόσοφος, Σωκράτους ἀκουστής: ἀφ' οὗπερ ἡ Κυρηναϊκὴ κληθεῖσα αἵρεσις ἤρξατο. πρῶτος δὲ τῶν Σωκρατικῶν μισθοὺς ἐπράξατο. Ξενοφῶντι δὲ εἶχε δυσμενῶς, καὶ ἦν ἱκανὸς ἁρμόσασθαι καὶ χρόνῳ καὶ τόπῳ. καὶ τῶν μὲν παρόντων ἀπέλαυε καὶ ἡδονὴν μετεδίωκε, πόνῳ δὲ ἀπόλαυσιν οὐδεμίαν ἐθήρα τῶν οὐ παρόντων. ὅθεν Διογένης βασιλικὸν κύνα αὐτὸν ἐκάλει. ἀποφθέγματα δὲ αὐτοῦ πλεῖστα καὶ ἄριστα. διήκουσε δὲ αὐτοῦ ἡ θυγάτηρ Ἀρήτη, ἀφ' ἧς ὁ παῖς αὐτῆς ὁ νέος Ἀρίστιππος, ὃς ἐκλήθη Μητροδίδακτος, οὗ Θεόδωρος, ὁ Ἄθεος ἐπικληθείς, εἶτα Θεός: τοῦ δὲ Ἀντίπατρος, τοῦ δὲ Ἐπιτιμήδης ὁ Κυρηναῖος, τοῦ δὲ Παραιβάτης, τοῦ δὲ Ἡγησίας ὁ Πεισιθάνατος, τοῦ δὲ Ἀννίκερις, ὁ Πλάτωνα λυτρωσάμενος.
Notes:
C5/4 BCE. See generally OCD(4) p.155, s.v. 'Aristippus(1)'. The present entry derives, after the introductory sentence, from Diogenes Laertius 2.65-66 and 2.86. There is more under alpha 3909.
[1] Again at kappa 2758.
[2] xi 47, xi 48.
[3] Or "Royal Cynic".
[4] alpha 3855.
[5] Diog. Laert. 2.86 records Antipater of Cyrene as a student of Aristippus, not of Theodorus as the Suda here suggests.
[6] epsilon 2694.
[7] pi 1471.
[8] For Annikeris see alpha 2466. (It is chronologically impossible for him to have 'ransomed Plato', even if -- as apparently in Diog.Laert. -- both he and Hegesias were pupils of Paraibates.)
Keywords: biography; children; chronology; economics; ethics; geography; philosophy; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 31 July 2001@11:32:51.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; added keyword; cosmetics) on 1 August 2001@04:16:55.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 21 June 2004@04:36:40.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 11 November 2005@05:40:09.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 27 November 2005@09:39:25.
David Whitehead (typo) on 7 February 2007@06:31:35.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 12 April 2012@04:49:20.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 31 July 2014@03:27:22.
David Whitehead on 31 August 2015@05:25:03.

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