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Headword: *)ari/wn
Adler number: alpha,3886
Translated headword: Arion
Vetting Status: high
Of Methymna,[1] a lyric poet, son of Kykleus.[2] He was born in the 38th Olympiad.[3] Certain people recorded that he was even a pupil of Alkman.[4] He composed songs: [namely] preludes in 2000 verses.[5] It is claimed also that he was the inventor of the tragic style and that he was the first to establish a chorus,[6] to sing a dithyramb, to provide a name for what the chorus sang[7] and to introduce satyrs speaking in verse.
[The name] retains [omega] also in the genitive.[8]
Greek Original:
*)ari/wn, *mhqumnai=os, luriko\s, *kukle/ws ui(o\s, ge/gone kata\ th\n lh# *)olumpia/da. tine\s de\ kai\ maqhth\n *)alkma=nos i(sto/rhsan au)to/n. e)/graye de\ a)/|smata: prooi/mia ei)s e)/ph #22b#. le/getai kai\ tragikou= tro/pou eu(reth\s gene/sqai kai\ prw=tos xoro\n sth=sai kai\ diqu/rambon a)=|sai kai\ o)noma/sai to\ a)|do/menon u(po\ tou= xorou= kai\ *satu/rous ei)senegkei=n e)/mmetra le/gontas. fula/ttei de\ kai\ e)pi\ genikh=s
See generally Richard Seaford in OCD(3) 158 [now OCD(4) 152], under Arion [Author, Myth](2).
[1] On the E. Aegean island of Lesbos; cf. mu 898.
[2] cf. kappa 2643.
[3] 628-625 BCE. The words have also been interpreted to mean that "he flourished in the 38th Olympiad."
[4] For whom see alpha 1289, alpha 1290.
[5] Adler's '2' verses is corrected in her addenda and corrigenda
[6] Literally, "to set up a chorus". Pickard-Cambridge [p.97] translates "first composed a stationary chorus" and he notes on p.11 that "in late authors it means to 'make a chorus sing a stasimon'."
[7] Compare Herodotus 1.23 [web address 1]: Arion "was the first man we know to have composed the dithyramb and given it a name." According to Pickard-Cambridge [p.12 cf. Campbell pp. 11-12] the implication is that Arion made the chorus sing "a regular poem, with a definite subject from which it took its name," and not that Arion invented the name "dithyramb".
[8] The object 'omega' is an early editorial supplement omitted by Adler but incorporated by Bekker. The Suda frequently uses fula/ttei by itself to mean "keeps omega in the oblique cases."
D.A. Campbell, Greek Lyric [LCL] v.3, pp. 1-2, 16-25
O. Crusius , "Arion 5" in RE 2.1, cols.836-841
A.W. Pickard-Cambridge, Dithyramb, Tragedy and Comedy, 2nd ed. rev. T.B.L. Webster. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1962, pp.10-12, 97-101
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; chronology; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; geography; meter and music; poetry; stagecraft; tragedy
Translated by: Tony Natoli on 7 December 2000@20:08:51.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 13 June 2001@06:34:38.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 20 December 2001@00:07:13.
Catharine Roth (added link) on 20 December 2001@00:09:42.
Tony Natoli (Corrected typo in notes.) on 20 December 2001@15:40:50.
Catharine Roth (simplified link) on 20 December 2001@16:23:02.
David Whitehead (added keyword) on 20 December 2002@05:15:38.
Elizabeth Vandiver (Added keyword; cosmetics) on 14 October 2005@17:33:44.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics; raised status) on 12 April 2012@03:37:27.
David Whitehead (my typo) on 24 January 2014@07:40:57.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; another note) on 24 January 2014@07:49:31.
Catharine Roth (coding, deleted link) on 2 January 2015@00:17:42.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 26 October 2015@11:43:42.


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