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Headword: *)/arrhton
Adler number: alpha,3860
Translated headword: accursed
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] something harmful.[1]
But a)/rrhton lo/gon ["unspeakable word"] [means] a bad word, one which should not be spoken. Sophocles [writes]: "how on earth do I tell an unspeakable story?"[2] Having written [of] or even done something more unspeakable than unspeakable things and beyond evils.
"Who then would not hate an excess of unspeakable behaviour which surpassed [all] others?"[3]
The word is applied also to that which is incomprehensible, such as "unspeakable [is] the miracle of your conception, o you of virgin birth."[4]
Greek Original:
*)arhto/n: to\ blabero/n. *)/arrhton de\ lo/gon, kako/fhmon, mh\ r(hqh=nai o)fei/lonta. *sofoklh=s: pw=s dh=ta le/gw lo/gon a)/rrhton. a)rrh/twn a)rrhto/teron kai\ kakw=n pe/ra gegrafw\s h)\ kai\ pepraxw/s. ti/s ou)=n ou) mish/seien u(perbolh\n a)rrhtourgi/as e(te/rois mh\ a)polelei=fqai; lamba/netai de\ h( le/cis kai\ e)pi\ a)katalhyi/a|, w(s to/: a)/rrhton to\ qau=ma th=s sh=s kuh/sews, mhtropa/rqene.
[1] From the scholia to Homer, Iliad 17.37, where the neuter singular headword occurs. The adjective a)rhto/s -- literally prayed against, and so accursed -- is the Ionic dialect version of a)rato/s [the SOL headword for the present entry is wrong in giving it double rho], and hence potentially confusable with the word to which the remainder of the entry will turn: a)/rrhtos, literally unspoken, and so unspeakable.
[2] Sophocles, Ajax 214 (web address 1 below), with scholion.
[3] An approximation of Julian, Oration 7 (210d Hertlein); cf. pi 1029.
[4] Quotation unidentifiable.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: Christianity; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; gender and sexuality; religion; rhetoric; tragedy
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 12 August 2001@18:32:59.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 15 August 2001@03:39:04.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords; betacode and other cosmetics) on 11 April 2012@09:33:55.
David Whitehead (x-ref) on 24 January 2014@07:24:44.
David Whitehead on 31 August 2015@04:15:07.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 23 October 2015@00:17:34.


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