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Headword: Ἀγρότας
Adler number: alpha,369
Translated headword: countrymen, rurals
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] rustics.[1]
Also [sc. attested is the nominative singular] ἀγρότης ["countryman"], [meaning] he who lives in the country.
"But you were bent over like a drunken countryman."[2] And in the Epigrams: "the three kinsmen dedicated these nets, o rural Pan, each from a different hunt."[3] But the feminine form [is] ἀγρότις . In the Epigrams: "Teucer the Arab dedicated a lion's skin and his own rustic spear."[4]
Greek Original:
Ἀγρότας: ἀγροίκους. καὶ Ἀγρότης: ὁ ἐν ἀγρῷ διαιτώμενος. ἀλλ' ὡς πάροινος ἀγρότης ἀνεκλίθης. καὶ ἐν Ἐπιγράμμασι: οἱ τρισσοί τοι ταῦτα τὰ δίκτυα θῆκαν ὅμαιμοι ἀγρότα Πὰν, ἄλλος ἄλλης ἀπ' ἀγρεσίης. θηλυκὸν δὲ Ἀγρότις. ἐν Ἐπιγράμμασι: ἄνθετο δέρμα λέοντος Τεῦκρος Ἄραψ, καὐτὴν ἀγρότιν αἰγανέαν.
Notes:
The headword is a masculine noun in the accusative plural, evidently quoted from somewhere. Here, the first two quotations provide, respectively, instances of the nominative singular and of the genitive singular (the latter in Ionic and epic form).
[1] Same glossing in other lexica; references at Photius alpha271 Theodoridis.
[2] From beta 457.
[3] Greek Anthology 6.13.1-2 (Leonidas of Tarentum), already at alpha 347 and (in part) at omicron 234; a fowler, a hunter, and a fisherman dedicate nets to Pan; cf. Gow and Page, vol. I (122) and vol. II (356).
[4] Greek Anthology 6.57.3-4 (Paul the Silentiary); cf. alphaiota 18 and kappa 1144.
References:
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge 1965)
Keywords: agriculture; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; poetry; religion; zoology
Translated by: Anne Mahoney on 28 August 1998@16:55:32.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; added keywords; cosmetics) on 16 July 2001@09:51:55.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 7 October 2005@06:04:22.
Catharine Roth (tweaks, cosmetics, cross-reference) on 29 October 2009@10:02:12.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 8 January 2012@09:30:35.
David Whitehead on 19 August 2013@04:40:43.
David Whitehead (my typo) on 9 April 2015@11:10:11.
Ronald Allen (expanded primary note, expanded and rearranged n.3, added bibliography) on 18 December 2018@12:37:09.
Catharine Roth (expanded note 4) on 18 December 2018@13:34:22.

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