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Headword: *)apopa/thma
Adler number: alpha,3468
Translated headword: turd, shit
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the same thing [as] dung. Eupolis in Golden Race [writes]: "for what is that man? A turd [and] a fox."[1] Cratinus in Runaway Slaves [writes]: "and when I found Kerkyon shitting on the vegetables this morning I throttled him."[2]
Also [sc. attested is the related participle] a)popathso/menoi ["(they) going to shit"], [meaning] going to empty [themselves] of shit. But a pa/tos ["path"] [is] the road.[3] Aristophanes [writes]: "no one sacrifices like they used to or even comes in [sc. to a temple], except the ten thousand and more who come to shit."[4] For a)po/patos [is] the emptying of the stomach. And Aristophanes says about Kleonymos: "he went off for a shit and took his army and shat for eight months in golden mountains. -- How much time did it take to close his anus? -- An entire cycle of the moon."[5]
Greek Original:
*)apopa/thma: au)to\ to\ sku/balon. *eu)/polis *xrusw=| ge/nei: ti/ ga/r e)st' e)kei=nos; a)popa/thm' a)lw/pekos. *krati=nos *drape/tisi: to\n *kerku/ona/ te e(/wqen a)popatou=nt' e)pi\ toi=s laxa/nois eu(rw\n a)pe/pnica. kai\ *)apopathso/menoi, th\n ko/pron kenw/sontes. pa/tos de\ h( o(do/s. *)aristofa/nhs: ou)dei\s qu/ei topara/pan ou)d' ei)se/rxetai, plh\n a)popathso/menoi/ ge plei=n h)\ mu/rioi. *)apo/patos ga\r h( ke/nwsis th=s gastro/s. kai\ *)aristofa/nhs peri\ *klewnu/mou fhsi/n: ei)s a)po/paton w)/|xeto stratia\n labw\n ka)/xezen o)ktw\ mh=nas e)pi\ xrusw=n o)/rwn. po/sou de\ to\n prwkto\n xro/nou cunh/gage; th=| panselh/nw|.
See also alpha 3469, alpha 3470.
[1] Eupolis fr. 284 Kock, now 306 K.-A.
[2] Cratinus fr. 49 Kock, now 53 K.-A.
[3] cf. the scholia to Aristophanes, Acharnians 81, where the ambassador reports that the Great King of Persia had gone ei)s a)po/paton; see n.5 below.
[4] Aristophanes, Plutus [Wealth] 1182-4 (web address 1 below); cf. pi 1732.
[5] Aristophanes, Acharnians 81-84 (web address 2). For Kleonymos see kappa 1736 -- but in fact the constipated individual described here is the Great King of Persia; cf. n.3 above.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; medicine; military affairs; religion; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 11 August 2001@19:25:34.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 12 August 2001@06:50:18.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 14 August 2001@08:19:49.
David Whitehead (added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 21 August 2002@08:49:04.
Tony Natoli (cosmetic n.5) on 24 October 2006@08:21:01.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 25 October 2006@03:15:31.
David Whitehead (typo) on 25 October 2006@08:55:35.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 4 April 2012@06:05:24.
David Whitehead on 23 December 2014@04:01:24.
David Whitehead on 23 December 2014@09:11:32.
David Whitehead on 28 August 2015@07:35:45.
Catharine Roth (tweaked links) on 19 September 2015@00:17:36.


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