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Headword: *)apo/maxos
Adler number: alpha,3435
Translated headword: battle-free, disabled, unfit to fight
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] one who is outside the war.
"He was struck with an arrow in the thigh, so that he almost became unfit to fight."[1]
And elsewhere: "deluged by pain, he was unfit to fight."[2]
Also [sc. attested is the plural] a)po/maxoi, [meaning] those who are not strong enough to fight. "Those unfit to fight killed themselves, but those who of [sc. fighting] age rushed into the enemy forces in droves and eagerly cut [them] down."[3]
Or those outside the battle.
"As it was reported to him that Theodoric, having been tricked, would be out of the fight, he went back again."[4]
Also [sc. attested is the related middle participle] a)pomaxome/nou ["resisting"], withstanding, refusing. "With Fabius resisting and making many entreaties that he might be relieved of the command."[5]
Greek Original:
*)apo/maxos: o( e)kto\s tou= pole/mou gegonw/s. o( de\ plh/ttetai be/lei to\n mhro\n, w(s mikrou= dei=n mellh=sai a)po/maxos e)/sesqai. kai\ au)=qis: o( de\ u(po\ th=s lu/phs katakluzo/menos a)po/maxos h)=n. kai\ *)apo/maxoi, oi( mh\ e)cisxu/ontes ma/xesqai. oi( me\n a)po/maxoi e(autou\s katexrh/santo, oi( de\ e)n th=| h(liki/a| e)s tou\s e)nanti/ous a)qro/oi w(/rmhsan kai\ proqu/mws kateko/phsan. h)\ oi( e)/cw th=s ma/xhs. w(s de\ au)tw=| e)chgge/lleto, w(s e)/soito o( *qeodw/rixos h)pathme/nos a)po/maxos, o)pi/sw a)naxwrei=. kai\ *)apomaxome/nou, a)nqistame/nou, paraitoume/nou. a)pomaxome/nou de\ tou= *fabi/ou kai\ polla\s poioume/nou deh/seis, i(/na th=s a)rxh=s a)poluqei/h.
[1] Agathias, Histories 5.23, on the young Byzantine military leader Germanus (cf. alpha 4595 end). Leading the defense of the long wall at the base of the Thracian Chersonese (cf. chi 215) in 559 CE, Germanus was wounded during a sortie against besieging Kotrigur Huns; cf. omicron 782, pi 1522, pi 2901, sigma 1653, tau 881, and Frendo (159).
[2] Theophylact Simocatta, Histories 2.9.17.
[3] Quotation not identified by Adler but identifiable via the TLG as coming from a fragment of Cassius Dio preserved by Zonaras (see p.190 lines 28-30 Boissevain), on Hannibal's siege of Saguntum (a city in eastern Spain, close by the Mediterannean Sea, Barrington Atlas map 27 grid E2) in 219 BCE, one of the catalysts of the Second Punic War. It is the men of Saguntum (here called Zacynthians) who are the unnamed subject. See in brief C. Theodoridis in his Photius edition, vol.II pp.LXXXVIII-LXXXIX.
[4] Quotation unidentifiable.
[5] Quotation unidentifiable, but reminiscent of events in 216 BCE during the Second Punic War, when Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus "Cunctator," the "Delayer" (cf. OCD(4), p. 564) urges caution against Hannibal and relinquishes his command to Lucius Aemilius and Publius Terentius Varro; see Eutropius, Breviarium 3.10.1 and alpha 971.
J.D. Frendo, trans., Agathias: The Histories, (Berlin 1975)
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; medicine; military affairs
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 22 February 2002@11:42:52.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (minor modifications) on 22 February 2002@13:51:36.
Catharine Roth (modified translation) on 22 February 2002@16:09:36.
David Whitehead (modified translation; supplied notes; added keyword; cosmetics) on 23 February 2002@08:46:54.
David Whitehead (modified translation and note) on 24 February 2002@06:31:20.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 2 March 2011@07:20:39.
David Whitehead (expanded n.3) on 11 October 2011@06:30:18.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 4 April 2012@03:15:42.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 11 July 2015@00:00:01.
David Whitehead on 28 August 2015@06:18:36.
Ronald Allen (added map ref. to n.3) on 13 August 2018@18:30:45.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.1, added bibliography, added cross-reference) on 27 September 2023@12:15:35.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 27 September 2023@17:52:28.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.5, added cross-reference) on 30 September 2023@13:10:17.
Ronald Allen (tweaked n.1, added cross-references) on 12 October 2023@10:18:25.
Ronald Allen (added cross-references n.1) on 21 November 2023@11:40:29.
Ronald Allen (added further cross-references n.1) on 3 December 2023@11:05:18.
Ronald Allen (cosmetics n.1) on 3 December 2023@11:07:21.


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