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Headword: Ἀπολινάριος
Adler number: alpha,3398
Translated headword: Apollinarius, Apollinarios
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
This man appeared after Paul of Samosata;[1] he was bishop of Laodicea in Syria, and introduced another folly. The Arians said that our Lord's flesh had no soul; he said that the Lord took flesh ensouled with a living soul, but he did not take to himself a mind like ours. He says that that flesh did not need a human mind, since it was guided by the divine Word which assumed it. On this premise he insists that there is one nature of the Word and the flesh, on the grounds that the flesh is incomplete with respect to being a human being, and so does not justify the application of the term 'a nature'. After him Theodorus, bishop of Mopsuestia in Cilicia, appeared.[2]
There were two men named Apollinarius, father and son. The father was from Alexandria, but married in Laodicea in Syria and had a son called Apollinarius.[3] Both flourished at the same time as the sophist Epiphanius,[4] whom they met in his prime. Theodotus, the bishop of Laodicea, being completely unable to detach them from him, excommunicated them. The younger Apollinarius regarded what had happened as an insult, and relying on his sophistic ingenuity he too invented his own heresy, which is still current, and bears the name of its inventor. Others say that they disagreed with George,[5] because they saw that his doctrine was unsound.[6]
This Apollinarius had the audacity to believe in degrees of the divine nature, and attached myths to God's promises.[7]
Greek Original:
Ἀπολινάριος: οὗτος ἀνεφάνη μετὰ Παῦλον τὸν Σαμοσατέα, πρόεδρος Λαοδικείας τῆς Συρίας, ματαιοφροσύνης ἑτέρας ἡγησάμενος. τῶν γὰρ Ἀρειανῶν ἄψυχον πάντη λεγόντων τὴν τοῦ κυρίου σάρκα, αὐτὸς ἔφη, ὅτι σάρκα μὲν ἐμψυχωμένην ψυχῇ ζωτικῇ ἀνέλαβεν ὁ κύριος, νοῦν δὲ τὸν ἡμέτερον οὐ προσήκατο. μηδὲ γὰρ δεηθῆναί φησι τὴν σάρκα ἐκείνην ἀνθρωπείου νοὸς, ἡγεμονευομένην ὑπὸ τοῦ αὐτὴν ἐνδεδυκότος θεοῦ λόγου, ἀλλὰ μηδὲ χωρεῖν αὐτῇ ἄλλην δύναμιν παρὰ τὴν θείαν. ταῦτα ὑποθέμενος διατείνεται μίαν εἶναι φύσιν τοῦ λόγου καὶ τῆς σαρκὸς, ὡς ἅτε τῆς σαρκὸς ἀτελοῦς οὔσης εἰς τὸ εἶναι ἄνθρωπον, διὰ τοῦτο μὴ ἄξιον φύσιν ὀνομάζεσθαι. μεθ' ὃν ἀναφαίνεται Θεόδωρος, ὁ Μοψουεστίας πρόεδρος τῆς Κιλικίας. ἐγένοντο δὲ Ἀπολινάριοι δύο, πατὴρ καὶ υἱός. ὁ μὲν πατὴρ Ἀλεξανδρεύς: γήμας δὲ εἰς Λαοδίκειαν τῆς Συρίας ἴσχει υἱὸν Ἀπολινάριον. ἄμφω δὲ συνήκμαζον Ἐπιφανίῳ τῷ σοφιστῇ, ὃν ἀκμάζοντα τότε ἠσπάζοντο. Θεό- δοτος δὲ, ὁ τῆς Λαοδικείας ἐπίσκοπος, μηδενὶ τρόπῳ ἀποσπάσαι αὐτοὺς ἐξ αὐτοῦ δυνηθεὶς ἄμφω τῆς κοινωνίας ἐζημίωσεν. ὕβριν τε ἡγεῖται ὁ παῖς Ἀπολινάριος τὰ γενόμενα καὶ τῇ ἐννοίᾳ τοῦ σοφιστικοῦ θαρρῶν καινοτομεῖ καὶ αὐτὸς αἵρεσιν, ἣ νῦν ἐπιπολάζει, τὸ ὄνομα τοῦ εὑρόντος ἔχουσα. οἱ δέ φασι διενεχθῆναι αὐτοὺς πρὸς Γεώργιον, ἑώρων γὰρ αὐτὸν ἀλλόκοτα δογματίζοντα. οὗτος δὲ ὁ Ἀπολινάριος βαθμοὺς ἐπὶ τῆς θείας φύσεως δοξάζειν ἐτόλμησε καὶ μύθους τινὰς ταῖς θείαις ἐπαγγελίαις συνέζευξεν.
Notes:
See already alpha 3397.
[1] [pi 813] Paul.
[2] [theta 154] Theodorus. George the Monk, Chronicon 470.21-471.9.
[3] [alpha 3397] Apollinarius.
[4] [epsilon 2741] Epiphanius.
[5] The Arian bishop of Laodicea; cf. Socrates, Historia Ecclesiastica 6.25.
[6] Socrates HE 2.46; cf. gamma 171.
[7] cf. Theodoret, HE p.280, 10.
Keywords: biography; Christianity; chronology; geography; historiography; philosophy; religion
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 25 February 2000@16:15:54.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 5 March 2002@00:40:08.
Catharine Roth (added notes) on 5 March 2002@13:42:56.
David Whitehead (added note and keyword; cosmetics) on 21 August 2002@05:59:46.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 3 October 2005@07:24:21.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 3 April 2012@06:42:54.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 24 January 2014@06:16:01.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 6 November 2014@00:47:16.

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