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Headword: *)aph/mona
Adler number: alpha,3161
Translated headword: unhurt
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] unharmed.[1]
Homer [writes]: "them he found no longer altogether unhurt nor without slaughter." He has combined two ideas, meaning some not unhurt, [i.e.] the wounded, and others not unslaughtered, [i.e.]the dead.[2]
*ph=ma [means] harm, from the [verb] ph/qw meaning panqa/nw.[3] The neuters ending in alpha[4] form compounds in four ways: either the compounds keep the same ending, like dh=ma, [giving] dia/dhma;[5] or they are derived from the genitive, like gra/mma, gra/mmatos, [giving] e)ggra/mmatos; or they change the ending to -os, like sto/ma, [giving] xruso/stomos; or they change the ending to -wn, like ei(=ma, [giving] leuxei/mwn and ph=ma, [giving] a)ph/mwn.[6]
Greek Original:
*)aph/mona: a)blabh=. *(/omhros: tou\s d' eu(=r' ou)ke/ti pa/mpan a)ph/monas, ou)d' a)nole/qrous. sullhptikw=s pe/fraken, a)nti\ tou= tou\s me\n mh\ a)ph/monas, tou\s tetrwme/nous, tou\s de\ mh\ a)nole/qrous, tou\s a)nh|rhme/nous. ph=ma de\ h( bla/bh, para\ to\ ph/qw to\ panqa/nw. ta\ de\ ei)s a lh/gonta ou)de/tera tetraxw=s sunti/qetai. h)\ ga\r fula/ssousi to\ au)to\ te/los, w(s to\ dh=ma, dia/dhma: h)\ a)po\ genikh=s para/gontai, w(s gra/mma, gra/mmatos, e)ggra/mmatos: h)\ tre/pousi to\ te/los ei)s os, w(s sto/ma, xruso/stomos: h)\ tre/pousi to\ te/los ei)s wn, w(s to\ ei(=ma, leuxei/mwn, kai\ ph=ma, a)ph/mwn.
The headword (which must be quoted from somewhere) is either accusative masculine/feminine singular or nominative/accusative neuter plural of a)ph/mwn.
[1] Same or similar glossing in other lexica (references at Photius alpha2411 Theodoridis); and cf. already alpha 3158.
[2] Homer, Iliad 13.761, with scholion.
[3] *ph/qw and panqa/nw are grammarians' hypothetical formations from the aorist e)/paqon (see web address 1 and web address 2 below), analogous to e.g. lh/qw and lanqa/nw from e)/laqon. The regular present tense is pa/sxw.
[4] All examples given are of nouns with the suffix -ma.
[5] The nouns de/ma, dh=ma, dia/dhma are all formed directly from the verb de/w 'bind'.
[6] Certain adjectives in -mwn, such as a)ph/mwn, are closely related to nouns in -ma (E. Risch, Wortbildung der homerische Sprache ยง22a(a), p.47).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 4 July 2000@20:38:01.
Vetted by:
Robert Dyer (Cosmetic, with addition of two notes. Raised status) on 3 May 2002@13:30:43.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 19 August 2002@08:25:06.
David Whitehead (betacode and other cosmetics) on 29 March 2012@06:51:28.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 30 March 2012@19:53:42.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 19 August 2013@00:09:47.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1; tweaking) on 19 August 2013@03:10:29.
Catharine Roth (expanded note, tweaked links) on 13 September 2015@00:36:54.


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