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Headword: Ἀντίπατρος
Adler number: alpha,2703
Translated headword: Antipatros, Antipater
Vetting Status: high
Son of Iolaos,[1] from the city of Palioura in Macedonia,[2] general of Philip [II], then of Alexander [sc. the Great], and successor to the kingship; a pupil of Aristotle. He left a compilation of letters in 2 books and a history, The Illyrian Deeds of Perdikkas.[3] And he served as guardian to the son of Alexander known as Herakles.[4] He alone of the Successors did not choose to call Alexander a god, judging this impious. He lived 77 years and left a son and successor, Kassandros,[5] the man who killed Alexander's mother Olympias.[6]
[It is said] that when the Athenians surrendered Athens to Antipatros the Macedonian, the demagogues, having urged the Athenians to revolt, were afraid that they would lay the blame upon them and fled. The Athenians condemned them to death in their absence. Among them were Demosthenes the orator and Hyperides and Himeraios, [Demades] having proposed the motion for death. For he had become in no respect more moderate in his opinion, since there cannot even be any change in a nature conjoined with wickedness. The injunction of law, as it does not completely hold [that nature] in check, is overcome by it, as is the force opposing it in its various inclinations. Neither by fear is over-confidence deflected, nor is a constraining shame sufficient to persuade it into subjection to the law.[7]
Greek Original:
Ἀντίπατρος, Ἰολάου, πόλεως δὲ Παλιούρας τῆς Μακεδονίας, στρατηγὸς Φιλίππου, εἶτα Ἀλεξάνδρου, καὶ διάδοχος βασιλείας: μαθητὴς Ἀριστοτέλους. κατέλιπεν ἐπιστολῶν σύγγραμμα ἐν βιβλίοις β#, καὶ ἱστορίαν, τὰς Περδίκκου πράξεις Ἰλλυρικάς. καὶ ἐπετρόπευσε μὲν τὸν υἱὸν Ἀλεξάνδρου, τὸν Ἡρακλέα κληθέντα. μόνος δὲ τῶν διαδόχων θεὸν καλέσαι Ἀλέξανδρον οὐχ εἵλετο, ἀσεβὲς τοῦτο κρίνας. ἐβίω δὲ ἔτη οθ# καὶ κατέλιπεν υἱὸν καὶ διάδοχον Κάσσανδρον, τὸν τὴν μητέρα Ἀλεξάνδρου ἀνελόντα Ὀλυμπιάδα. ὅτι τῶν Ἀθηναίων τὰς Ἀθήνας Ἀντιπάτρῳ τῷ Μακεδόνι παραδόντων, ἐν δέει ὄντες οἱ δημαγωγοὶ πρὸς τὴν ἐπανάστασιν τοὺς Ἀθηναίους ἐπάραντες, μὴ τὴν αἰτίαν ἐπ' αὐτοὺς ἐνέγκωσιν, ἔφυγον. οἱ δὲ Ἀθηναῖοι θανάτῳ ἐρήμην τούτους κατεδίκασαν, ὧν ἦν Δημοσθένης ὁ ῥήτωρ καὶ Ὑπερίδης καὶ Ἱμεραῖος, τὴν τοῦ θανάτου εἰσήγησιν εἰσενεγκόντος. ἐγεγόνει γὰρ ἐς οὐδὲν μετριώτερος τῇ γνώμῃ: διότι μηδέ ἐστι φύσεως μεταβολὴ κακίᾳ συνελθούσης: ἡττᾶται δὲ αὐτῆς καὶ νόμου ἐπίταξις μὴ παντελῶς κολάζουσα, καὶ ἰσχὺς αὐτῇ ἀνανταγώνιστος ἐφ' ὅπερ ἂν ῥέψῃ: καὶ οὔτε φόβῳ ἀποτρέπεται τὸ θρασύνεσθαι, οὔτε αἰδὼς ἐξείργουσα παραπεῖσαι ἱκανή ἐστιν ἐς τὸ τῷ νόμῳ ὑπήκοον.
?397-319. See A.B. Bosworth in OCD(4) p.107, under Antipater(1). See also alpha 2704.
[1] So too in the (unusually brief) entry in Harpokration s.v.
[2] Otherwise unattested, but emendations to (e.g.) Potidaea have not been found convincing.
[3] (Entry thus far = FGrH 114 T1.) This 'Perdikkas' is evidently the Macedonian king of that name, Perdikkas III, Philip II's elder brother and immediate predecessor (reigned 365-359).
[4] a.k.a. Alexander IV (323-c.310), posthumous son of Alexander the Great and Rhoxane. See again at epsilon 2733.
[5] Also known as Cassander (d. 297).
[6] In 316.
[7] The source of this moralizing material has been identified as Arrian's (lost) Affairs after Alexander.
H. Berve, Das Alexanderreich auf prosopographische Grundlage (Munich 1926) vol.2 no.94
C. Habicht, Athens from Alexander to Antony (Cambridge Mass. 1997) ch.2.
W. Heckel, The Marshals of Alexander's Empire (London & New York 1992) 38-49
Keywords: biography; chronology; ethics; geography; historiography; history; law; politics; religion; women
Translated by: D. Graham J. Shipley on 28 October 2000@08:50:43.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 23 January 2001@05:30:30.
David Whitehead (added keywords; cosmetics) on 15 August 2002@03:48:28.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 29 October 2006@10:55:15.
David Whitehead (x-ref for n.1) on 24 January 2008@04:53:13.
David Whitehead (another note; tweaks and cosmetics) on 20 July 2011@09:29:56.
David Whitehead (another note) on 23 January 2014@08:28:36.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@07:08:42.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and bibliography) on 24 July 2015@11:08:16.
Catharine Roth (small tweak) on 28 August 2015@00:09:09.


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