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Headword: Ἀνάστατοι
Adler number: alpha,2082
Translated headword: anastatoi
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A type of flat-cake. These used to be made for the Arrêphoroi themselves.[1] Certain flat-cakes called charisioi ["thank-offering cakes"] also used to be spoken of. These were mixed and made from the leftovers, and craftsmen [still?] shape them. Aristophanes in Banqueters [writes]: "I will send some thank-offering cakes in the evenings."[2] The amphiphôntes are made in the month of Mounychion on the sixteenth, and they are brought into the shrine of Artemis Mounychia.[3] As to why their name is amphiphôntes,[4] some [say that it is] because they are made at the time when the sun and the moon appear early over the earth; but Apollodorus [says that it is] because they fasten bundles of firewood to them when bringing them. But a phthoïs are[sic!] pastries, which they used to sacrifice to the gods with the intestines.[5] Moon-cakes [selênai] are wide pastries, circular; and pelanoi [are] pastries for the gods; but popana ["round-cakes"] [are different again]; and in Erechtheus Euripides called moon-cakes pelanoi: "and tell me, for you are sending from home a great pelanos, of these moon-cakes of a first fiery sprouting."[6] Besides six mooncakes they used to dress a "seventh ox", which had horns replicating the early moon. Accordingly they would sacrifice this ox in addition to four round-cakes and call it "fifth ox". But rather, "seventh ox" in addition to the six [mooncakes]. In reference to those who are unfeeling.[7]
Greek Original:
Ἀνάστατοι: πλακοῦντος εἶδος. οὗτοι δὲ αὐταῖς ταῖς Ἀρρηφόροις ἐγίνοντο. ἐλέγοντο δέ τινες πλακοῦντες καὶ χαρίσιοι. οὗτοι δὲ ἀπὸ τῶν καταλειπομένων συμμιγνύμενοι ἐγίνοντο, καὶ δημιουργοὶ πλάσσουσιν. Ἀριστοφάνης Δαιταλεῦσι: πέμψω πλακοῦντας ἑσπέρας χαρισίους. οἱ δὲ ἀμφιφῶντες γίνονται Μουνυχιῶνος μηνὸς #2# ἐπὶ δέκα, οἳ καὶ εἰς τὸ Μουνυχίας ἱερὸν τῆς Ἀρτέμιδος κομίζονται. ὀνομάζονται δὲ ἀμφιφῶντες, ὡς μέν τινες ὅτι τότε γίγνονται, ὅτε ἥλιός τε καὶ σελήνη πρωὶ̈ ὑπὲρ γῆς φαίνονται: ὡς δὲ Ἀπολλόδωρος, ὅτι κομίζουσιν αὐτοὺς δᾳδία ἡμμένα παραπηγνύντες ἐπ' αὐτῶν. φθόϊς δέ εἰσι πέμματα, ἃ τοῖς θεοῖς καὶ μετὰ τῶν σπλάγχνων ἔθυον. αἱ δὲ σελῆναι πέμματά εἰσι πλατέα, κυκλοτερῆ: πέλανοι δὲ τὰ εἰς θεοὺς πέμματα: πόπανα δέ: καὶ ἐν Ἐρεχθεῖ τὰς σελήνας πελάνους εἴρηκεν Εὐριπίδης: καί μοι πολὺν γὰρ πέλανον ἐκπέμπεις δόμων, φράσον σελήνας τάσδε πυρίμου χλόης. ἐπὶ δὲ ἓξ σελήναις βοῦν ἕβδομον ἔπεττον, κέρατα ἔχοντα κατὰ μίμησιν τῆς πρωτοφυοῦς σελήνης. ἔθυον μὲν οὖν καὶ ἐπὶ τέτταρσι ποπάνοις τοῦτον τὸν βοῦν καὶ ἐκάλουν αὐτὸν πέμπτον βοῦν. μᾶλλον δὲ ἐπὶ ταῖς ἓξ ἕβδομον βοῦν. ἐπὶ τῶν ἀναισθήτων.
Notes:
The first part of this entry is expanded from Photius, Lexicon alpha1675 Theodoridis.
For a different sense of this headword see alpha 2081.
[1] See generally alpha 3863; and for the point cf. Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 3.114A (3.80 Kaibel).
[2] A garbled version of Aristophanes fr. 202 Kock, now 211 Kassel-Austin. (It is even worse at chi 121, q.v.)
[3] cf. Plutarch, Moralia 349F.
[4] What now follows has already appeared, more briefly, at alpha 1781.
[5] cf. phi 507.
[6] Euripides fr. 350; cf. sigma 204.
[7] cf. beta 458 and epsilon 25.
Keywords: chronology; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; proverbs; religion; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 19 December 2001@12:22:45.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes and keywords) on 20 December 2001@06:33:09.
David Whitehead (modified translation) on 30 March 2005@02:26:32.
David Whitehead (more notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 28 February 2012@06:01:55.
David Whitehead on 21 August 2013@08:14:25.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 13 January 2015@23:56:51.
David Whitehead (expanded a ref) on 14 January 2015@03:50:48.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 7 July 2015@08:34:25.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation on the basis of a suggestion of Brady Kiesling) on 27 December 2016@14:05:25.

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