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Headword: *)anakwxeu/ei
Adler number: alpha,1912
Translated headword: refrains
Vetting Status: high
In Sophocles [this means] reins in.[1]
Also [sc. attested is the infinitive] a)nakwxeu/ein, [meaning] to fix the sails and let the ship ride when a storm arises at sea.[2]
Strictly speaking one says 'to refrain' when there is a storm at sea and [the sailors] draw in the riggings and ride just where they are, without trying to fight against the wind. Thus it is spoken metaphorically in reference to the chariot, in that he did not go all out but let loose the flood of the horses[3] and drove them with a light touch.
Greek Original:
*)anakwxeu/ei: para\ *sofoklei= to\ a)naseira/zei. kai\ *)anakwxeu/ein, to\ e)n pela/gei xeimw=nos o)/ntos sth/santas ta\ o)qo/nia saleu/ein. a)nakwxeu/ein de\ kuri/ws le/getai, o(/tan xeimw=nos o)/ntos e)n pela/gei stei/lantes ta\ a)/rmena saleu/wsin au)to/qi, mh\ diamaxo/menoi tw=| pneu/mati. metaforikw=s ou)=n e)pi\ tou= a(/rmatos ei)/rhken, o(/ti ou) dihmillh/sato, a)ll' a)fh=ke to\n tw=n i(/ppwn klu/dwna kai\ h)re/ma h)/launen.
See generally LSJ s.v. a)nokwxeu/w (sic). The ana- form, here, is Ionic.
[1] Sophocles, Electra 732 (web address 1), with scholion; similar material in Photius, Hesychius and elsewhere.
[2] cf. alpha 2238.
[3] This rather poetic expression paraphrases that of the Sophocles passage.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: athletics; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; imagery; science and technology; tragedy
Translated by: William Hutton on 29 May 2001@00:07:23.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes and keyword; cosmetics) on 29 May 2001@03:20:35.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 18 October 2005@05:45:46.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 24 February 2012@04:28:14.
David Whitehead (typo) on 29 June 2015@02:54:43.


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