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Headword: Ἀναβάδην
Adler number: alpha,1796
Translated headword: lifted up; propped up
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] on high, to lie down and have ones legs up. Aristophanes [writes]: "now I take a rest starving with my feet lifted up."[1] Or sitting down on a high place. And again: "how at home when not at home?... His mind is out collecting versicles and not at home while he himself is propped up at home writing a tragedy."[2] He is mocking Euripides as syllogistic and providing the opposite of whatever he says. Such as, "the tongue swore, the mind was unsworn."[3] Such as [here]: he himself is inside but his mind gathering something from what is outside and and flying around. A Homeric way of speaking: for Homer distinguished souls from bodies when he said: "many strong souls, he made them spoils for the dogs."[4] Thus also Aristophanes: "his mind [is] outside, but he himself is inside propped up writing a tragedy."
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] ἀναβάδην καθῆσθαι , [meaning] to lie down raised up.[5]
Greek Original:
Ἀναβάδην: ἐφ' ὕψους, ἄνω τοὺς πόδας ἔχειν καὶ κοιμᾶσθαι. Ἀριστοφάνης: νυνὶ δὲ πεινῶν ἀναβάδην ἀναπαύομαι. ἢ ἐπὶ ὑψηλοῦ τόπου καθήμενος. καὶ αὖθις: πῶς ἔνδον, εἶτ' οὐκ ἔνδον; ὁ νοῦς μὲν ἔξω συλλέγων ἐπύλλια οὐκ ἔνδον, αὐτὸς δ' ἔνδον ἀναβάδην ποιεῖ τραγῳδίαν. σκώπτει τὸν Εὐριπίδην ὡς συλλογιστικὸν καὶ ὃ ἂν λέγῃ, τὸ ἐναντίον πάλιν κατασκευάζοντα. οἷον, ἡ γλῶσσ' ὀμώμοχ', ἡ δὲ φρὴν ἀνώμοτος. οἷον αὐτὸς μὲν ἔσω ἐστίν, ὁ δὲ νοῦς αὐτοῦ συλλογίζεται τῶν ἔξω τι καὶ μετεωρίζεται: Ὁμηρικῶς: Ὅμηρος γὰρ διώρισε τὰς ψυχὰς πρὸς τὰ σώματα εἰπών: πολλὰς δ' ἰφθίμους ψυχάς: αὐτοὺς δ' ἑλώρια τεῦχε κύνεσσιν. οὕτως καὶ Ἀριστοφάνης. ὁ νοῦς μὲν ἔξω, αὐτὸς δ' ἔνδον ἀναβάδην ποιεῖ τραγῳδίαν. καὶ Ἀναβάδην καθῆσθαι, μετέωρον καθέζεσθαι.
The headword is an adverb; see generally LSJ s.v.
[1] Aristophanes, Plutus [Wealth] 1123 (web address 1 below), with scholion.
[2] Aristophanes, Acharnians 397-400 (web address 2 below), with scholion; cf. omicron 868.
[3] Euripides, Hippolytus 612 (web address 3 below); cf. eta 63.
[4] Homer, Iliad 1.3-4. See web address 4 below.
[5] So too Photius, and cf. Hesychius.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3,
Web address 4
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; poetry; tragedy
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 18 August 2000@01:06:53.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 28 July 2002@07:49:16.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks) on 16 September 2009@07:40:55.
David Whitehead on 22 February 2012@05:45:15.
Catharine Roth (betacode cosmetics, upgraded links) on 7 March 2012@11:31:19.
Catharine Roth (tweaked notes) on 3 October 2013@01:00:58.
David Whitehead on 26 June 2015@03:22:03.


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