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Headword: *)amforeafo/rous
Adler number: alpha,1785
Translated headword: amphora-bearers, amphora-carriers
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] hirelings who carry jars. Also [sc. attested is the singular] amphoreaphoros, he who carries a jar for hire. "Then some amphora-bearer bringing a return." [So says] Menander in The Girl Who Gets Flogged.[1] And Aristophanes in Heroes [says]: "run inside for the wine, taking an empty amphora, and food and a tasting-cup, and then hire yourself out as an amphora-bearer."[2] Eupolis in Catamite [writes]: "and we go about and [he is] carrying a tribe [as] amphora."[3]
An amphoreus, then, [is a] vessel, measure, jar.
It also means wine-skin. And it is a proper name.[4]
Also [sc. attested is the plural] amphoreis, [meaning] jars.
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] "little Thasian amphoras", [meaning] jugs.[5]
Josephus [writes]: "he bought up with a Tyrian coin, which is worth four Attic [drachmas], four amphoras, and then sold [them] for the price of half an amphora and made a lot of money."[6]
And Aristophanes says amphoreis [when he means] the measures. "Little pots and small trenchers, and little amphoras".[7]
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] a)mforei=s nenhsme/noi, [meaning] jars heaped up. Aristophanes [writes]: "why do you good-for-nothings sit there like sheep,... heaped-up amphoras."[8]
Also [sc. attested are the terms] a)mforh=as and a)mforei/dia [meaning] jars.
[Note] that a)mforh=as is a Megarian way of speaking.
Greek Original:
*)amforeafo/rous: tou\s misqi/ous tou\s ta\ kera/mia fe/rontas. kai\ *)amforeafo/ros, o( kera/mia misqou= fe/rwn. ei)=t' a)mforeafo/ros tis a)pofora\n fe/rwn. *me/nandros *(rapizome/nh|. kai\ *)aristofa/nhs *(/hrwsi: tre/x' ei)s to\n oi)=non, a)mfore/a keno\n labw\n, to\n e)/ndoqen kai\ geu=ma kai\ geusth/rion, ka)/peita mi/sqou sauto\n a)mforeaforei=n. *eu)/polis *marika=|: kai\ perih/lqomen kai\ fu=lon a)mfore/a fe/rwn. *)amforeu\s ou)=n a)ggei=on, me/tron, kera/mion. shmai/nei kai\ a)sko/n. e)/sti kai\ o)/noma ku/rion. kai\ *)amforei=s, ke/ramoi. kai\ *qa/sia a)mforei/dia, ta\ kera/mia. *)iw/shpos: sunwnou/menos de\ tou= *turi/ou nomi/smatos, o(\ te/ssaras *)attika\s du/natai, te/ssaras a)mforei=s, e)pi/praske timh=s h(miamfo/rion kai\ plh=qos sunh=ge xrhma/twn. kai\ *)aristofa/nhs *)amforei=s le/gei ta\ me/tra. xutri/dia kai\ sani/dia, ka)mforei/dia. kai\ *)amforei=s nenhsme/noi, ke/ramoi seswreume/noi. *)aristofa/nhs: ti/ ka/qhsq' a)be/lteroi pro/bat' a)/llws, a)mforei=s nenhsme/noi. kai\ *)amforh=as kai\ *)amforei/dia ta\ kera/mia. o(/ti a)mforh=as le/gei ta\ *megarika/.
The primary headword, in the accusative plural, is a contextless word quoted from Aristophanes (fr. 45 Kock and K.-A).
[1] Menander fr. 431 Kock, 364 K.-Th., 326 K.-A. On "return", apophora, see LSJ s.v.
[2] Aristophanes fr. 299 Kock, now 310 K.-A.
[3] Eupolis fr. 187 Kock, now 200 K.-A.-- here textually garbled.
[4] Not independently attested in Athens: see LGPN vol.2 (Attica).
[5] From Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae 1119; again at mu 581.
[6] Josephus, Jewish War 2.592.
[7] Aristophanes, Peace 202 (web address 1).
[8] Aristophanes, Clouds 1201-3, abridged (see web address 2); again at nu 179.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; food; geography; historiography; history
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 14 August 2000@23:23:46.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes; added keywords; cosmetics) on 5 March 2001@05:04:23.
David Whitehead (restorative cosmetics) on 28 July 2002@07:04:08.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 27 November 2005@09:41:12.
Catharine Roth (added new note and cross-reference, streamlined links) on 26 May 2009@11:17:47.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords; betacoding and other cosmetics) on 27 May 2009@03:24:20.
David Whitehead on 22 February 2012@03:48:50.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 5 March 2012@00:34:18.
Catharine Roth (tweaked notes) on 7 October 2013@00:25:47.
David Whitehead on 22 December 2014@07:36:13.
David Whitehead on 23 December 2014@08:54:26.
David Whitehead on 24 December 2014@04:42:55.
David Whitehead on 3 January 2015@09:33:12.


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