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Headword: *)aloiw=n
Adler number: alpha,1417
Translated headword: threshing, crushing
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning one who/which is] striking, smiting.[1]
"Striking him then another way with a cudgel, he killed him."[2]
Hence also parricide [patraloi/as], he who strikes [sc. and kills] his father.[3]
Also a)loi=a, striking.[4] And Homer [says]: "he crushed [him] utterly."[5]
But a)lu/w ["I am beside myself"] [means] I am joyful, and a)lu/w [also means] I grieve, [pronounced] barytone.[6]
Greek Original:
*)aloiw=n: tu/ptwn, krou/wn. o( de\ r(opa/lw| a)loiw=n ei)/q' e(te/rw| tro/pw| tou=ton e)/kteinen. e)/nqen kai\ patraloi/as, o( to\n pate/ra tu/ptwn. kai\ *)aloi=a, h( tu/ptousa. kai\ *(/omhros: a)/xris a)phloi/hsen. *)alu/w de\ to\ xai/rw, kai\ *)alu/w to\ lupou=mai, baruto/nws.
The headword is pesent participle, masculine nominative singular, of a)loia/w; probably extracted from the first quotation given.
[1] cf. alpha 1412.
[2] Tentatively attributed by Adler to Aelian; however, as she notes, Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities 1.39.4 on Heracles is very similar.
[3] From the scholia to Homer, Iliad 9.568.
[4] Feminine, either participle or adjective; see already alpha 1412, and cf. eta 255.
[5] Homer, Iliad 4.522 (web address 1); see also alpha 3157.
[6] Again at alpha 1436; see also alpha 1427. The verb a)lu/w is pronounced the same as a)loiw= in Byzantine pronunciation, except for the accent. To call a verb "barytone" is to say that it is not accented on the last syllable; in our terms, it is not a contract verb.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; children; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; historiography; law; mythology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 9 June 2000@15:33:12.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (Cosmetics.) on 23 February 2001@12:51:00.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; restorative and other cosmetics) on 7 June 2002@07:34:35.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 2 July 2002@21:40:58.
David Whitehead (modified note) on 3 July 2002@04:15:38.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; betacoding and other cosmetics) on 28 March 2006@04:41:59.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 10 February 2012@08:38:05.
Catharine Roth (expanded note 6, upgraded link) on 15 March 2012@00:23:01.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 23 January 2014@03:49:37.
Catharine Roth (cross-reference) on 31 March 2015@12:36:57.
David Whitehead on 13 June 2015@09:10:43.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, expanded note) on 15 January 2016@19:44:24.


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