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Headword: Ἀλοῶ
Adler number: alpha,1330
Translated headword: I thresh, smite, drive around, smash
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The [verb that means] I break.[1]
Also [sc. attested is the active participle] ἀλοῶν ["threshing"], [meaning one who is] leading [beasts] around in a circle from without, as those on the threshing floors [do]. Or beating, from those who are smiting the ears of grain. Aristophanes [writes]: "the fellow will kill me, driving me around since early this morning."[2]
Aelian [writes]: "some smiting him with fists, some with clubs, some with stones, and some with whatever else fell into their hands forced his life to be cut short."[3]
Also [sc. attested is the middle participle] ἀλοώμενος , [meaning one who is] being trodden, being rubbed together.
"They laid him down under a tame elephant, so that, for fear that he was going to die from being trodden by the beast, he would not get any sleep."[4]
Greek Original:
Ἀλοῶ: τὸ κλῶ. καὶ Ἀλοῶν, ἔξωθεν ἐν κύκλῳ περιάγων, ὡς οἱ ἐν ταῖς ἅλωσιν. ἢ τύπτων, ἀπὸ τῶν κοπτόντων τοὺς στάχυας. Ἀριστοφάνης: ἀπολεῖ μ' ἀλοῶν ἄνθρωπος ἐξ ἑωθινοῦ. Αἰλιανός: οἱ μέν τινες πυγμαῖς, οἱ δὲ κορύναις, οἱ δὲ λίθοις, οἱ δὲ ὅτι ποτὲ παρέπιπτεν αὐτοῖς ὑποχείριον ἀλοῶντες αὐτὸν, ἀπορραγῆναι τὴν ψυχὴν ἠνάγκασαν. καὶ Ἀλοώμενος, πατούμενος, συντριβόμενος. ἐλέφαντι ἡμέρῳ ὑπέκλιναν αὐτὸν, ἵνα δεδιὼς, ὡς μέλλων ὑπὸ τοῦ θηρὸς ἀλοώμενος ἀποθνήσκειν, ὕπνου μὴ τύχῃ.
Notes:
cf. generally alpha 1305, alpha 1321.
[1] Likewise, according to Adler, in the Ambrosian Lexicon.
[2] Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae 2.
[3] Aelian fr. 67c Domingo-Forasté (64 Hercher); cf. mu 770, tau 940, upsilon 639.
[4] Quotation (transmitted, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta Constantini Porphyrogeniti) unidentifiable. (Adler suggests Aelian again.)
Keywords: biography; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; historiography; history; science and technology; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 30 May 2000@11:46:21.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (Altered wording, added keywords.) on 30 May 2000@16:11:25.
David Whitehead (added notes and keyword; cosmetics) on 22 February 2001@07:07:26.
David Whitehead (aumented notes; restorative and other cosmetics) on 28 June 2002@04:51:25.
David Whitehead (betacoding and other cosmetics) on 5 August 2005@03:11:47.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 24 February 2011@04:17:23.
David Whitehead on 27 February 2011@04:52:44.
David Whitehead on 8 February 2012@08:04:09.
Catharine Roth (updated reference in note 2) on 9 February 2012@23:16:41.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 12 February 2012@18:10:19.
David Whitehead on 12 June 2015@03:24:39.

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