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Headword: Ἀλκιβιάδης
Adler number: alpha,1280
Translated headword: Alcibiades, Alkibiades
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The son of Kleinias and of Perikles' sister.[1] An Athenian, a philosopher[2] and a politician. A pupil first of Sophilos, then of Sokrates, whose lover he was too, as some say. Some also record that he was born of slaves.[3]
This man served as a general of the Athenians;[4] and pained because of being expelled from his generalship on account of the mutilation of the herms[5] he went over to the Persian Tis(s)aphernes[6] and became responsible for a war against the Athenians -- [but] he came to be on good terms with them again. When Lysander,[7] with whom he was spending time, was about to capture him, while he was in the country of Phrygia with a mistress he saw a dream of this sort: he seemed, wearing the clothes of his mistress, to burn separately from his head.[8] The spearmen standing nearby set the tent on fire, and Alkibiades went out and, having been hunted down, was attacked and wounded. They cut off his head and brought it to Pharnabazos.[9]
This man, having been victorious at the Olympic games, gave a banquet for the entire festival.[10]
Greek Original:
Ἀλκιβιάδης: υἱὸς Κλεινίου καὶ τῆς ἀδελφῆς Περικλέους, Ἀθηναῖος, φιλόσοφος καὶ ῥήτωρ. μαθητὴς πρῶτον Σοφίλου, εἶτα Σωκράτους, οὗ καὶ ἐρώμενος, ὥς τινες. καὶ ἐκ δούλων δὲ τεχθέντα τινες ἱστορήκασιν. οὗτος ἐστρατήγησεν Ἀθηναίων, καὶ λυπηθεὶς διὰ τὸ ἐκπεσεῖν αὐτὸν τῆς στρατηγίας τῆς τῶν Ἑρμῶν ἀποκοπῆς ἕνεκα καὶ ἀποστὰς πρὸς Τισαφέρνην τὸν Πέρσην καὶ πολέμου αἴτιος γενόμενος Ἀθηναίοις πάλιν αὐτοῖς εὔνους ἐγένετο. μέλλοντος δὲ Λυσάνδρου αὐτὸν ἀναιρεῖν, παρ' ᾧ διέτριβεν, εἰς κώμην τῆς Φρυγίας ἑταίρᾳ συνὼν ὄναρ ἦν τεθεαμένος τοιόνδε: ἐδόκει τὴν ἐσθῆτα τῆς ἑταίρας ἔχων καίεσθαι δίχα τῆς κεφαλῆς. οἱ δορυφόροι δὲ ἐπιστάντες ὑφῆψαν τὴν σκηνήν, ὁ δὲ ἐξελθὼν βίᾳ τιτρώσκεται διωχθείς. οἱ δὲ τὴν κεφαλὴν ἀφελόντες αὐτοῦ Φαρναβάζῳ κομίζουσιν. οὗτος Ὀλύμπια νικήσας τὴν πανήγυριν ἅπασαν εἱστίασεν.
Notes:
451/0-404/3. See generally P.J. Rhodes in OCD(4) s.v. (pp.52-3). The present entry is attributed by Adler to the biographies of notable individuals by Hesychius of Miletus (C6 CE); and specifically, the section beginning 'This man served as general ...' is regarded as perhaps coming from the same source as alpha 453, etc.
[1] Deinomache. For Perikles see generally pi 1179 etc. (For Kleinias see kappa 1751.)
[2] An odd characterisation, despite his association with Sokrates (sigma 829), about to be mentioned.
[3] Factually nonsense, of course. Political abuse, if correctly located here; but Adler (addenda) notes Bernhardy's suggestion that it belongs with alpha 1289 (q.v.).
[4] For his career in office see Develin (1989), Index I no. 84.
[5] cf. generally epsilon 3047.
[6] A Persian satrap (provincial governor): see tau 661.
[7] lambda 852.
[8] For Alkibiades' end cf. Plutarch, Alcibiades 38-39. The Suda's version of this dream is an abbreviated version of what we are told in Plut. Alc. 39: ἐδόκει περικεῖσθαι μὲν αὐτὸς τὴν ἐσθῆτα τῆς ἑταίρας, ἐκείνην δὲ τὴν κεφαλὴν ἐν ταῖς ἀγκάλαις ἔχουσαν αὐτοῦ κοσμεῖν τὸ πρόσωπον ὥσπερ γυναικὸς ὑπογράφουσαν καὶ ψιμυθιοῦσαν. ἕτεροι δέ φασιν ἰδεῖν τὴν κεφαλὴν ἀποτέμνοντας αὐτοῦ τοὺς περὶ τὸν Μαγαῖον ἐν τοῖς ὕπνοις καὶ τὸ σῶμα καιόμενον. "It seemed that he was wearing the clothes of his mistress, but she held his head in her arms and adorned his face like a woman's, outlining [his eyes] and making up [his face] with white lead. Others say that in his sleep he saw Magaeus' followers cutting off his head and his body burning."
[9] Another Persian satrap.
[10] In the four-horse chariot-race of the 416 games, as Thucydides and others describe.
References:
J.K. Davies, Athenian Propertied Families 600-300 BC (Oxford 1971) s.v.
Robert Develin, Athenian Officials 684-321 BC (Cambridge 1989) s.v.
Keywords: athletics; biography; dreams; food; gender and sexuality; geography; history; military affairs; philosophy; politics; religion; rhetoric; women
Translated by: Debra Hamel on 12 August 1999@19:50:51.
Vetted by:
Ross Scaife ✝ on 21 February 2000@09:20:43.
David Whitehead (modified translation; added further notes and bibliography) on 18 September 2000@06:28:48.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 17 January 2004@00:50:32.
Catharine Roth on 17 January 2004@00:51:08.
David Whitehead (x-ref; more keywords) on 18 January 2004@04:12:56.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 9 October 2005@08:30:15.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 4 December 2005@06:32:50.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 7 February 2012@06:49:44.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 22 January 2014@09:02:25.
David Whitehead (expanded n.3) on 22 January 2014@09:11:49.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 22 January 2014@23:01:25.
Catharine Roth (further expansion) on 22 January 2014@23:05:35.
Catharine Roth (more expansion) on 23 January 2014@17:43:22.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@04:37:50.

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