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Headword: Tonon
Adler number: tau,768
Translated headword: tension, exertion, pitch
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] energetic, or power.[1]
The Pisidian [writes]: "for you drew them just as the tension of the sun drags the moisture to itself by its attraction."[2]
The ropes of a bed [are] also [called] to/nos.[3]
The hexameter epic verse [is] also [called] to/nos.[4] "There was a Pythian prediction[5] in hexameter verses, foretelling the end thus: 'Son of Aeacus, beware to approach the Acherousian water and Pandosia, where death is fated[6] for you.' And joining battle with the Brettii and Leucani at a certain river, when the bridge was broken, and he heard the inhabitants calling the river Acherontis and the neighboring city Pandosia, comparing the places to the saying which he had, and knowing that the oracle was fulfilled, then indeed he approached his noble death and rushing unsparingly towards the center of the enemy, first doing many deeds, he fell fighting thus. He was Alexander the marriage-connection of Philip, [sc. and] brother of Olympios."[7]
Greek Original:
Tonon: eutonon, ê dunamin. Pisidês: heilkes gar autous hôsper hêliou tonos surei pros hauton helktikôs tas ikmadas. Tonos kai tou krabbatou ta schoinia. Tonos kai to hexametron epos. Puthikon ên promanteuma en tonois hexametrois, houtô prolegon tên teleutên: Aiakidê prophulaxo molein Acherousion hudôr Pandosiên th', hothi toi thanatos peprômenon esti. kai sunapsas machên Brettiois kai Leukanois epi tini potamôi, tês gephuras rhageisês, tôn proschôrôn akousas ton potamon apokalountôn Acherontida, tên de plêsion polin Pandosian, pros ho eiche logion sumbalôn tous topous, kai gnous hoti ara to chreôn ekpeplêstai, tote dê ton euklea poreuetai thanaton kai pros mesous tous polemious ôthoumenos apheidôs, polla proteron drasas, houtô piptei machomenos. ên de Alexandros ho Philippou kêdestês, Olumpiou adelphos.
The headword is accusative case, evidently quoted from somewhere.
[1] Thus the gloss as transmitted (and Adler makes no comment), but 'or' spoils it. See rather Photius tau377 Theodoridis: 'energetic power'.
[2] George of Pisidia, Heraclias 3 fr. 44.
[3] From a scholion on Aristophanes, Knights 532, where to/nos refers to the strings of a lyre; cf. eta 199.
[4] Adler notes that Gaisford adduced here Herodotus 1.47.2 (see web address 1) and 1.62.4.
[5] Aelian fr. 327 Domingo-Forasté (329 Hercher); cf. epsilon 1533. See also Strabo 6.1.5 (web address 2), Livy 8.24 (web address 3), Justin 12.2.
[6] The editio princeps of Demetrius Chalcocondyles (1499) prints the masculine participle peprwme/nos, as the sense seems to require.
[7] 'Of Olympias', rather, as in Justin (and the editio princeps). On this man see Brian Bosworth in OCD(4) s.v. 'Alexander(6) I, king of Molossia in Epirus'. The allusion in the oracle is to the fact that his family claimed descent from Aeacus, grandfather of Achilles.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; meter and music; mythology; poetry; religion; science and technology; trade and manufacture; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 20 June 2011@01:37:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 20 June 2011@03:32:24.
David Whitehead on 20 June 2011@03:32:57.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr and n.1) on 14 January 2014@06:53:59.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 30 March 2014@22:12:26.
David Whitehead on 5 August 2014@08:21:10.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 5 August 2014@14:39:23.
Catharine Roth (tweaked reference) on 27 November 2014@00:24:19.
Catharine Roth (my typo) on 19 May 2015@09:56:33.


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