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Headword: Panikôi deimati
Adler number: pi,201
Translated headword: in Panic terror
Vetting Status: high
This happens in army camps, when all of a sudden the horses and the men are startled, for no apparent reason.
Women used to celebrate customary rites for Pan by shouting. And Menander in Dyskolos [says]: "one must not approach this god in silence."[1]
Or because they attributed to Pan things [that happen] for no reason; for example, the enemy seems to attack; and [the soldiers] pick up their weapons in the commotion, form ranks, and attack one another.
In the Epigrams: "Charikles on the headland dedicated this tawny hairy goat that has just grown a beard to crag-loving Pan."[2]
This happens during war, as Theodoros the Rhodian general says in his memoirs: "at such times it is best to stay by the weapons and keep calm"; and he himself would run around shouting and giving the order through his servants that everyone was to stay in their tents fully armed.[3]
And [there is a] proverb.[4]
Greek Original:
Panikôi deimati: touto ginetai epi tôn stratopedôn, hênika aiphnidion hoi te hippoi kai hoi anthrôpoi ektarachthôsi, mêdemias aitias prophaneisês. tôi de Pani eiôtheisan orgiazein hai gunaikes meta kraugês. kai Menandros en Duskolôi, siôpêi phêsi toutôi tôi theôi ou dein prosienai. ê hoti ta aneu aitias tôi Pani anetithesan: doxazetai gar polemiôn ephodos einai: kai analambanontes hopla hupo tarachês, anthistamenoi allêlois machontai. en Epigrammasi: Pani philoskopelôi lasion para prôna Chariklês knakon hupênêtan tond' anethêke tragon. touto ginetai peri tous polemous: Theodôrou tou Rhodiôn stratêgou en hupomnêmasi legontos, hoti kratiston estin en tois toioutois kairois menein epi tôn hoplôn kai tên hêsuchian echein: autos te peritheôn eboa kai dia tôn hupêretôn parêngeile menein en tais skênais kathôplismenous hapantas. kai paroimia.
For the headword phrase see Josephus, Jewish Antiquities 20.78.4; Jewish War 5.93 and 295; and cf. e.g. Pausanias 10.23.10.
[1] Menander, Dyskolos 433-4 -- cited here from the scholia to Aristophanes, Lysistrata 2.
[2] Greek Anthology 6.32.3-4 (Agathias Scholasticus); cf. iota 387, pi 2954.
[3] Theodorus and his work (Jacoby registers them as FGrH 230 F1) are otherwise not securely attested; and the source of this material as a whole is unidentifiable.
[4] What precisely this refers to is unclear. There is nothing of relevance in the paroemiographers.
Keywords: aetiology; biography; comedy; daily life; definition; ethics; geography; historiography; imagery; military affairs; mythology; poetry; proverbs; women; zoology
Translated by: Alex Gottesman on 14 December 2002@09:01:12.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (supplied notes; augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 14 December 2002@10:49:15.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaking; raised status) on 13 August 2013@07:12:05.
Catharine Roth (coding, deleted link) on 22 September 2013@02:13:37.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 21 May 2016@09:38:05.
David Whitehead (expanded a note) on 19 June 2016@05:36:51.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 20 January 2019@02:18:06.


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