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Headword: Marturomai
Adler number: mu,236
Translated headword: I call to witness, I protest
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] I summon witnesses. Sophocles [writes]: "I call these people to witness, not you, what sort of words you exchange with your friends -- if I ever catch you." Creon [Author, Myth] says [this] to Oedipus.[1]
And Aelian [writes]: "but we call to witness this much, that we are not being unjust for the sake of Hospitable Zeus".[2]
"I call you to witness a swallow". Equivalent to I show [you one].[3]
"Listen, my people; and I shall speak to you, Israel, and protest [diamartu/romai] against you."[4] [Spelled] with an omicron.
But some [spell it] with an omega.[5]
Greek Original:
Marturomai: marturas kalô. Sophoklês: marturomai tousd', ou se: pros de tous philous hoi' antameibêi rhêmat', ên se helô pote. Kreôn phêsi pros Oidipoun. kai Ailianos: alla tosouton marturometh', hôs out' adikoumen Xeniou Dios charin. marturomai soi chelidona. ison tôi apodeiknumi. akouson laos mou, kai lalêsô soi Israêl, kai diamarturomai soi. dia tou o mikrou. hoi de dia tou ô megalou.
See also mu 237.
[1] Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus 813-814 (web address 1), with scholion.
[2] Aelian fr. 161 Domingo-Forasté (158 Hercher). On Zeus Xenios, see xi 37.
[3] In Photius and the Lexica Segueriana, and alpha 3286 (whence it is copied here), have it the other way round: "I show to you a swallow; that is, I call to witness". The expression does not seem to be otherwise attested.
[4] Psalm 49.7 LXX; cf. delta 646.
[5] (A marginal addition, Adler reports, in ms A.) This implies marturw=mai = martura/omai as a variant, for which there is no evidence elsewhere -- or else the subjunctive, as at delta 646.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; law; religion; tragedy
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 18 April 2009@21:32:56.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks, link, keywords, status) on 20 April 2009@00:41:36.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; tweaks and cosmetics) on 27 April 2009@05:06:22.
Catharine Roth (expanded note 5) on 28 April 2009@10:58:30.
Catharine Roth (updated reference, upgraded link) on 21 November 2012@01:41:40.
David Whitehead on 8 May 2013@04:06:08.
David Whitehead (coding) on 17 May 2016@07:46:48.


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